In accordance with subsection (1) of this section, the Oregon Health Authority shall adopt by rule criteria approved by the Oregon Health Policy Board for the consideration of requests by health care entities to engage in a material change transaction and procedures for the review of material change transactions under this section.(3)(a) A notice of a material change transaction involving the sale, merger or acquisition of a domestic health insurer shall be submitted to the Department of Consumer and Business Services as an addendum to filings required by ORS 732.517 (Purpose of ORS 732) to 732.546 (Severability) or 732.576 (Dividends and distributions). The department shall provide to the authority the notice submitted under this subsection to enable the authority to conduct a review in accordance with subsections (5) and (7) of this section. The authority shall notify the department of the outcome of the authority’s review.
The department shall make the final determination in material change transactions involving the sale, merger or acquisition of a domestic health insurer and shall coordinate with the authority to incorporate the authority’s review into the department’s final determination.
An entity shall submit to the authority a notice of a material change transaction, other than a transaction described in subsection (3) of this section, in the form and manner prescribed by the authority, no less than 180 days before the date of the transaction and shall pay a fee prescribed in ORS 415.512 (Fees).
No later than 30 days after receiving a notice described in subsections (3) and (4) of this section, the authority shall conduct a preliminary review to determine if the transaction has the potential to have a negative impact on access to affordable health care in this state and meets the criteria in subsection (9) of this section.
Following a preliminary review, the authority or the department shall approve a transaction or approve a transaction with conditions designed to further the goals described in subsection (1) of this section based on criteria prescribed by the authority by rule, including but not limited to:
If the transaction is in the interest of consumers and is urgently necessary to maintain the solvency of an entity involved in the transaction; or
If the authority determines that the transaction does not have the potential to have a negative impact on access to affordable health care in this state or the transaction is likely to meet the criteria in subsection (9) of this section.(7)(a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection, if a transaction does not meet the criteria in subsection (6) of this section, the authority shall conduct a comprehensive review and may appoint a review board of stakeholders to conduct a comprehensive review and make recommendations as provided in subsections (11) to (18) of this section. The authority shall complete the comprehensive review no later than 180 days after receipt of the notice unless the parties to the transaction agree to an extension of time.
The authority or the department may intervene in a transaction described in ORS 415.500 (Definitions) (6)(a)(C) in which the final authority rests with another state and, if the transaction is approved by the other state, may place conditions on health care entities operating in this state with respect to the insurance or health care industry market in this state, prices charged to patients residing in this state and the services available in health care facilities in this state, to serve the public good.
The authority shall prescribe by rule:
Criteria to exempt an entity from the requirements of subsection (4) of this section if there is an emergency situation that threatens immediate care services and the transaction is urgently needed to protect the interest of consumers;
Provision for the authority’s failure to complete a review under subsection (5) of this section within 30 days; and
Criteria for when to conduct a comprehensive review and appoint a review board under subsection (7) of this section that must include, but is not limited to:
The potential loss or change in access to essential services;
The potential to impact a large number of residents in this state; or
A significant change in the market share of an entity involved in the transaction.
A health care entity may engage in a material change transaction if, following a comprehensive review conducted by the authority and recommendations by a review board appointed under subsection (7) of this section, the authority determines that the transaction meets the criteria adopted by the department by rule under subsection (2) of this section and:(a)(A) The parties to the transaction demonstrate that the transaction will benefit the public good and communities by:
Increasing access to services in medically underserved areas; or
Rectifying historical and contemporary factors contributing to a lack of health equities or access to services; or
The transaction will improve health outcomes for residents of this state; and
There is no substantial likelihood of anticompetitive effects from the transaction that outweigh the benefits of the transaction in increasing or maintaining services to underserved populations.
The authority may suspend a proposed material change transaction if necessary to conduct an examination and complete an analysis of whether the transaction is consistent with subsection (9) of this section and the criteria adopted by rule under subsection (2) of this section.(11)(a) A review board convened by the authority under subsection (7) of this section must consist of members of the affected community, consumer advocates and health care experts. No more than one-third of the members of the review board may be representatives of institutional health care providers. The authority may not appoint to a review board an individual who is employed by an entity that is a party to the transaction that is under review or is employed by a competitor that is of a similar size to an entity that is a party to the transaction.
A member of a review board shall file a notice of conflict of interest and the notice shall be made public.
The authority may request additional information from an entity that is a party to the material change transaction, and the entity shall promptly reply using the form of communication requested by the authority and verified by an officer of the entity if required by the authority.(13)(a) An entity may not refuse to provide documents or other information requested under subsection (4) or (12) of this section on the grounds that the information is confidential.
Material that is privileged or confidential may not be publicly disclosed if:
The authority determines that disclosure of the material would cause harm to the public;
The authority shall maintain the confidentiality of all confidential information and documents that are not publicly available that are obtained in relation to a material change transaction and may not disclose the information or documents to any person, including a member of the review board, without the consent of the person who provided the information or document. Information and documents described in this paragraph are exempt from disclosure under ORS 192.311 (Definitions for ORS 192) to 192.478 (Exemption for Judicial Department).
The authority or the Department of Justice may retain actuaries, accountants or other professionals independent of the authority who are qualified and have expertise in the type of material change transaction under review as necessary to assist the authority in conducting the analysis of a proposed material change transaction. The authority or the Department of Justice shall designate the party or parties to the material change transaction that shall bear the reasonable and actual cost of retaining the professionals.
A review board may hold up to two public hearings to seek public input and otherwise engage the public before making a determination on the proposed transaction. A public hearing must be held in the service area or areas of the health care entities that are parties to the material change transaction. At least 10 days prior to the public hearing, the authority shall post to the authority’s website information about the public hearing and materials related to the material change transaction, including:
A summary of the proposed transaction;
An explanation of the groups or individuals likely to be impacted by the transaction;
Information about services currently provided by the health care entity, commitments by the health care entity to continue such services and any services that will be reduced or eliminated;
Details about the hearings and how to submit comments, in a format that is easy to find and easy to read; and
Information about potential or perceived conflicts of interest among executives and members of the board of directors of health care entities that are parties to the transaction.
The authority shall post the information described in subsection (15)(a) to (d) of this section to the authority’s website in the languages spoken in the area affected by the material change transaction and in a culturally sensitive manner.
The authority shall provide the information described in subsection (15)(a) to (d) of this section to:
At least one newspaper of general circulation in the area affected by the material change transaction;
Health facilities in the area affected by the material change transaction for posting by the health facilities; and
Local officials in the area affected by the material change transaction.
A review board shall make recommendations to the authority to approve the material change transaction, disapprove the material change transaction or approve the material change transaction subject to conditions, based on subsection (9) of this section and the criteria adopted by rule under subsection (2) of this section. The authority shall issue a proposed order and allow the parties and the public a reasonable opportunity to make written exceptions to the proposed order. The authority shall consider the parties’ and the public’s written exceptions and issue a final order setting forth the authority’s findings and rationale for adopting or modifying the recommendations of the review board. If the authority modifies the recommendations of the review board, the authority shall explain the modifications in the final order and the reasons for the modifications. A party to the material change transaction may contest the final order as provided in ORS chapter 183.
A health care entity that is a party to an approved material change transaction shall notify the authority upon the completion of the transaction in the form and manner prescribed by the authority. One year, two years and five years after the material change transaction is completed, the authority shall analyze:
The health care entities’ compliance with conditions placed on the transaction, if any;
The cost trends and cost growth trends of the parties to the transaction; and
Whenever it appears to the Director of the Oregon Health Authority that any person has committed or is about to commit a violation of this section or any rule or order issued by the authority under this section, the director may apply to the Circuit Court for Marion County for an order enjoining the person, and any director, officer, employee or agent of the person, from the violation, and for such other equitable relief as the nature of the case and the interest of the public may require.
The remedies provided under this section are in addition to any other remedy, civil or criminal, that may be available under any other provision of law.