(1)The juvenile court is a court of record and exercises jurisdiction as a court of general and equitable jurisdiction and not as a court of limited or inferior jurisdiction. The juvenile court is called “The _________ Court of _________ County, Juvenile Department.”
(2)Intentionally left blank —Ed.
(a)It is the policy of the State of Oregon to recognize that children are individuals who have legal rights. Among those rights are the right to:
(A)Permanency with a safe family;
(B)Freedom from physical, sexual or emotional abuse or exploitation; and
(C)Freedom from substantial neglect of basic needs.
(b)Parents and guardians have a duty to afford their children the rights listed in paragraph (a) of this subsection. Parents and guardians have a duty to remove any impediment to their ability to perform parental duties that afford these rights to their children. When a parent or guardian fails to fulfill these duties, the juvenile court may determine that it is in the best interests of the child to remove the child from the parent or guardian either temporarily or permanently.
(c)The provisions of this chapter shall be liberally construed to the end that a child coming within the jurisdiction of the court may receive such care, guidance, treatment and control as will lead to the child’s welfare and the protection of the community.
(3)It is the policy of the State of Oregon to safeguard and promote each child’s right to safety, stability and well-being and to safeguard and promote each child’s relationships with parents, siblings, grandparents, other relatives and adults with whom a child develops healthy emotional attachments.
(4)It is the policy of the State of Oregon to guard the liberty interest of parents protected by the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution and to protect the rights and interests of children, as provided in subsection (2) of this section. The provisions of this chapter shall be construed and applied in compliance with federal constitutional limitations on state action established by the United States Supreme Court with respect to interference with the rights of parents to direct the upbringing of their children, including, but not limited to, the right to:
(a)Guide the secular and religious education of their children;
(b)Make health care decisions for their children; and
(c)Discipline their children.
(5)It is the policy of the State of Oregon, in those cases not described as extreme conduct under ORS 419B.502 (Termination upon finding of extreme conduct), to offer appropriate reunification services to parents and guardians to allow them the opportunity to adjust their circumstances, conduct or conditions to make it possible for the child to safely return home within a reasonable time. The state shall provide to parents and guardians with disabilities opportunities to benefit from or participate in reunification services that are equal to those extended to individuals without disabilities. The state shall provide aids, benefits and services different from those provided to parents and guardians without disabilities, when necessary to ensure that parents and guardians with disabilities are provided with an equal opportunity under this subsection. Although there is a strong preference that children live in their own homes with their own families, the state recognizes that it is not always possible or in the best interests of the child or the public for children who have been abused or neglected to be reunited with their parents or guardians. In those cases, the State of Oregon has the obligation to create or provide an alternative, safe and permanent home for the child.
(6)It is the policy of the State of Oregon, in a case involving an Indian child, to safeguard and promote the Indian child’s connections with the Indian child’s family, culture and tribe in accordance with the policies regarding Indian children in child custody proceedings under ORS 419B.600 (Policy on Indian child welfare). [1997 c.873 §2a; 1999 c.859 §22; 2001 c.686 §21; 2007 c.71 §112; 2007 c.806 §3; 2015 c.795 §1; 2019 c.514 §1; 2020 s.s.1 c.14 §25; 2021 c.398 §67]
Section 419B.090 — Juvenile court; jurisdiction; policy,
Notes of Decisions
Due process rights of parents are always implicated in construction and application of provisions of this chapter. Department of Human Services v. J.R.F., 351 Or 570, 273 P3d 87 (2012)