ORCP 55 – SUBPOENA
A Generally: form and contents; originating court; who may issue; who may serve; proof of service. Provisions of this section apply to all subpoenas except as expressly indicated.
A(1) Form and contents.
A(1)(a) General requirements. A subpoena is a writ or order that must:
A(1)(a)(i) originate in the court where the action is pending, except as provided in Rule 38 C;
A(1)(a)(ii) state the name of the court where the action is pending;
A(1)(a)(iii) state the title of the action and the case number;
A(1)(a)(iv) command the person to whom the subpoena is directed to do one or more of the following things at a specified time and place:
A(1)(a)(iv)(A) appear and testify in a deposition, hearing, trial, or administrative or other out-of-court proceeding as provided in section B of this rule;
A(1)(a)(iv)(B) produce items for inspection and copying, such as specified books, documents, electronically stored information, or tangible things in the person’s possession, custody, or control as provided in section C of this rule, except confidential health information as defined in subsection D(1) of this rule; or
A(1)(a)(iv)(C) produce records of confidential health information for inspection and copying as provided in section D of this rule; and
A(1)(a)(v) alert the person to whom the subpoena is directed of the entitlement to fees and mileage under paragraph A(6)(b), B(2)(a), B(2)(b), B(2)(d), B(3)(a), or B(3)(b) of this rule.
A(2) Originating court. A subpoena must issue from the court where the action is pending. If the action arises under Rule 38 C, a subpoena may be issued by the court in the county in which the witness is to be examined.
A(3) Who may issue.
A(3)(a) Attorney of record. An attorney of record for a party to the action may issue a subpoena requiring a witness to appear on behalf of that party.
A(3)(b) Clerk of court. The clerk of the court in which the action is pending may issue a subpoena to a party on request. Blank subpoenas must be completed by the requesting party before being served. Subpoenas to attend a deposition may be issued by the clerk only if the requesting party has served a notice of deposition as provided in Rule 39 C or Rule 40 A; has served a notice of subpoena for production of books, documents, electronically stored information, or tangible things; or certifies that such a notice will be served contemporaneously with service of the subpoena.
A(3)(c) Clerk of court for foreign depositions. A subpoena to appear and testify in a foreign deposition may be issued as specified in Rule 38 C(2) by the clerk of the court in the county in which the witness is to be examined.
A(3)(d) Judge, justice, or other authorized officer.
A(3)(d)(i) When there is no clerk of the court, a judge or justice of the court may issue a subpoena.
A(3)(d)(ii) A judge, a justice, or an authorized officer presiding over an administrative or out-of-court proceeding may issue a subpoena to appear and testify in that proceeding.
A(4) Who may serve. A subpoena may be served by a party, the party’s attorney, or any other person who is 18 years of age or older.
A(5) Proof of service. Proving service of a subpoena is done in the same way as provided in Rule 7 F(2)(a) for proving service of a summons, except that the server need not disavow being a party in the action; an attorney for a party; or an officer, director, or employee of a party.
A(6) Recipient obligations.
A(6)(a) Length of witness attendance. A command in a subpoena to appear and testify requires that the witness remain for as many hours or days as are necessary to conclude the testimony, unless the witness is sooner discharged.
A(6)(b) Witness appearance contingent on fee payment. Unless a witness expressly declines payment of fees and mileage, the witness’s obligation to appear is contingent on payment of fees and mileage when the subpoena is served. At the end of each day’s attendance, a witness may demand payment of legal witness fees and mileage for the next day. If the fees and mileage are not paid on demand, the witness is not obligated to return.
A(6)(c) Deposition subpoena; place where witness can be required to attend or to produce things.
A(6)(c)(i) Oregon residents. A resident of this state who is not a party to the action is required to attend a deposition or to produce things only in the county where the person resides, is employed, or transacts business in person, or at another convenient place as ordered by the court.
A(6)(c)(ii) Nonresidents. A nonresident of this state who is not a party to the action is required to attend a deposition or to produce things only in the county where the person is served with the subpoena, or at another convenient place as ordered by the court.
A(6)(d) Obedience to subpoena. A witness must obey a subpoena. Disobedience or a refusal to be sworn or to answer as a witness may be punished as contempt by the court or by the judge who issued the subpoena or before whom the action is pending. At a hearing or trial, if a witness who is a party disobeys a subpoena, or refuses to be sworn or to answer as a witness, that party’s complaint, answer, or other pleading may be stricken.
A(7) Recipient’s option to object, to move to quash, or to move to modify subpoena for production. A person who is not subpoenaed to appear, but who is commanded to produce and permit inspection and copying of documents or things, including records of confidential health information as defined in subsection D(1) of this rule, may object, or move to quash or move to modify the subpoena, as follows.
A(7)(a) Written objection; timing. A written objection may be served on the party who issued the subpoena before the deadline set for production, but not later than 14 days after service on the objecting person.
A(7)(a)(i) Scope. The written objection may be to all or to only part of the command to produce.
A(7)(a)(ii) Objection suspends obligation to produce. Serving a written objection suspends the time to produce the documents or things sought to be inspected and copied. However, the party who served the subpoena may move for a court order to compel production at any time. A copy of the motion to compel must be served on the objecting person.
A(7)(b) Motion to quash or to modify. A motion to quash or to modify the command for production must be served and filed with the court no later than the deadline set for production. The court may quash or modify the subpoena if the subpoena is unreasonable and oppressive or may require that the party who served the subpoena pay the reasonable costs of production.
A(8) Scope of discovery. Notwithstanding any other provision, this rule does not expand the scope of discovery beyond that provided in Rule 36 or Rule 44.
B Subpoenas requiring appearance and testimony by individuals, organizations, law enforcement agencies or officers, prisoners, and parties.
B(1) Permissible purposes of subpoena. A subpoena may require appearance in court or out of court, including:
B(1)(a) Civil actions. A subpoena may be issued to require attendance before a court, or at the trial of an issue therein, or upon the taking of a deposition in an action pending therein.
B(1)(b) Foreign depositions. Any foreign deposition under Rule 38 C presided over by any person authorized by Rule 38 C to take witness testimony, or by any officer empowered by the laws of the United States to take testimony; or
B(1)(c) Administrative and other proceedings. Any administrative or other proceeding presided over by a judge, justice or other officer authorized to administer oaths or to take testimony in any matter under the laws of this state.
B(2) Service of subpoenas requiring the appearance or testimony of nonparty individuals or nonparty organizations; payment of fees. Unless otherwise provided in this rule, a copy of the subpoena must be served sufficiently in advance to allow the witness a reasonable time for preparation and travel to the place specified in the subpoena.
B(2)(a) Service on an individual 14 years of age or older. If the witness is 14 years of age or older, the subpoena must be personally delivered to the witness, along with fees for one day’s attendance and the mileage allowed by law unless the witness expressly declines payment, whether personal attendance is required or not.
B(2)(b) Service on an individual under 14 years of age. If the witness is under 14 years of age, the subpoena must be personally delivered to the witness’s parent, guardian, or guardian ad litem, along with fees for one day’s attendance and the mileage allowed by law unless the witness expressly declines payment, whether personal attendance is required or not.
B(2)(c) Service on individuals waiving personal service. If the witness waives personal service, the subpoena may be mailed to the witness, but mail service is valid only if all of the following circumstances exist:
B(2)(c)(i) Witness agreement. Contemporaneous with the return of service, the party’s attorney or attorney’s agent certifies that the witness agreed to appear and testify if subpoenaed;
B(2)(c)(ii) Fee arrangements. The party’s attorney or attorney’s agent made satisfactory arrangements with the witness to ensure the payment of fees and mileage, or the witness expressly declined payment; and
B(2)(c)(iii) Signed mail receipt. The subpoena was mailed more than 10 days before the date to appear and testify in a manner that provided a signed receipt on delivery, and the witness or, if applicable, the witness’s parent, guardian, or guardian ad litem, signed the receipt more than 3 days before the date to appear and testify.
B(2)(d) Service of a deposition subpoena on a nonparty organization pursuant to Rule 39 C(6). A subpoena naming a nonparty organization as a deponent must be delivered, along with fees for one day’s attendance and mileage, in the same manner as provided for service of summons in Rule 7 D(3)(b)(i), Rule 7 D(3)(c)(i), Rule 7 D(3)(d)(i), Rule 7 D(3)(e), Rule 7 D(3)(f), or Rule 7 D(3)(h).
B(3) Service of a subpoena requiring appearance of a peace officer in a professional capacity.
B(3)(a) Personal service on a peace officer. A subpoena directed to a peace officer in a professional capacity may be served by personal service of a copy, along with fees for one day’s attendance and mileage as allowed by law, unless the peace officer expressly declines payment.
B(3)(b) Substitute service on a law enforcement agency. A subpoena directed to a peace officer in a professional capacity may be served by substitute service of a copy, along with fees for one day’s attendance and mileage as allowed by law, on an individual designated by the law enforcement agency that employs the peace officer or, if a designated individual is not available, then on the person in charge at least 10 days before the date the peace officer is required to attend, provided that the peace officer is currently employed by the law enforcement agency and is present in this state at the time the agency is served.
B(3)(b)(i) “Law enforcement agency” defined. For purposes of this subsection, a law enforcement agency means the Oregon State Police, a county sheriff’s department, a city police department, or a municipal police department.
B(3)(b)(ii) Law enforcement agency obligations.
B(3)(b)(ii)(A) Designating representative. All law enforcement agencies must designate one or more individuals to be available during normal business hours to receive service of subpoenas.
B(3)(b)(ii)(B) Ensuring actual notice or reporting otherwise. When a peace officer is subpoenaed by substitute service under paragraph B(3)(b) of this rule, the agency must make a good faith effort to give the peace officer actual notice of the time, date, and location specified in the subpoena for the appearance. If the law enforcement agency is unable to notify the peace officer, then the agency must promptly report this inability to the court. The court may postpone the matter to allow the peace officer to be personally served.
B(4) Service of subpoena requiring the appearance and testimony of prisoner. All of the following are required to secure a prisoner’s appearance and testimony:
B(4)(a) Court preauthorization. Leave of the court must be obtained before serving a subpoena on a prisoner, and the court may prescribe terms and conditions when compelling a prisoner’s attendance;
B(4)(b) Court determines location. The court may order temporary removal and production of the prisoner to a requested location, or may require that testimony be taken by deposition at, or by remote location testimony from, the place of confinement; and
B(4)(c) Whom to serve. The subpoena and court order must be served on the custodian of the prisoner.
B(5) Service of subpoenas requiring the appearance or testimony of individuals who are parties to the case or party organizations. A subpoena directed to a party who has appeared in the case, including an officer, director, or member of a party organization, may be served as provided in Rule 9 B, without any payment of fees and mileage otherwise required by this rule.
C Subpoenas requiring production of documents or things other than confidential health information as defined in subsection D(1) of this rule.
C(1) Combining subpoena for production with subpoena to appear and testify. A subpoena for production may be joined with a subpoena to appear and testify or may be issued separately.
C(2) When mail service allowed. A copy of a subpoena for production that does not contain a command to appear and testify may be served by mail.
C(3) Subpoenas to command inspection prior to deposition, hearing, or trial. A copy of a subpoena issued solely to command production or inspection prior to a deposition, hearing, or trial must comply with the following:
C(3)(a) Advance notice to parties. The subpoena must be served on all parties to the action who are not in default at least 7 days before service of the subpoena on the person or organization’s representative who is commanded to produce and permit inspection, unless the court orders less time;
C(3)(b) Time for production. The subpoena must allow at least 14 days for production of the required documents or things, unless the court orders less time; and
C(3)(c) Originals or true copies. The subpoena must specify whether originals or true copies will satisfy the subpoena.
D Subpoenas for documents and things containing confidential health information (“CHI”).
D(1) Application of this section; “confidential health information” defined. This section creates protections for production of CHI, which includes both individually identifiable health information as defined in ORS 192.556 (8) and protected health information as defined in ORS 192.556 (11)(a). For purposes of this section, CHI means information collected from a person by a health care provider, health care facility, state health plan, health care clearinghouse, health insurer, employer, or school or university that identifies the person or could be used to identify the person and that includes records that:
D(1)(a) relate to the person’s physical or mental health or condition; or
D(1)(b) relate to the cost or description of any health care services provided to the person.
D(2) Qualified protective orders. A qualified protective order means a court order that prohibits the parties from using or disclosing CHI for any purpose other than the litigation for which the information is produced, and that, at the end of the litigation, requires the return of all CHI to the original custodian, including all copies made, or the destruction of all CHI.
D(3) Compliance with state and federal law. A subpoena to command production of CHI must comply with the requirements of this section, as well as with all other restrictions or limitations imposed by state or federal law. If a subpoena does not comply, then the protected CHI may not be disclosed in response to the subpoena until the requesting party has complied with the appropriate law.
D(4) Conditions on service of subpoena.
D(4)(a) Qualified protective order; declaration or affidavit; contents. The party serving a subpoena for CHI must serve the custodian or other record keeper with either a qualified protective order or a declaration or affidavit together with supporting documentation that demonstrates:
D(4)(a)(i) Written notice. The party made a good faith attempt to provide the person whose CHI is sought, or the person’s attorney, written notice that allowed 14 days after the date of the notice to object;
D(4)(a)(ii) Sufficiency. The written notice included the subpoena and sufficient information about the litigation underlying the subpoena to enable the person or the person’s attorney to meaningfully object;
D(4)(a)(iii) Information regarding objections. The party must certify that either no written objection was made within 14 days, or objections made were resolved and the command in the subpoena is consistent with that resolution; and
D(4)(a)(iv) Inspection requests. The party must certify that the person or the person’s representative was or will be permitted, promptly on request, to inspect and copy any CHI received.
D(4)(b) Objections. Within 14 days from the date of a notice requesting CHI, the person whose CHI is being sought, or the person’s attorney objecting to the subpoena, must respond in writing to the party issuing the notice, and state the reasons for each objection.
D(4)(c) Statement to secure personal attendance and production. The personal attendance of a custodian of records and the production of original CHI is required if the subpoena contains the following statement:
This subpoena requires a custodian of confidential health information to personally attend and produce original records. Lesser compliance otherwise allowed by Oregon Rule of Civil Procedure 55 D(8) is insufficient for this subpoena.
D(5) Mandatory privacy procedures for all records produced.
D(5)(a) Enclosure in a sealed inner envelope; labeling. The copy of the records must be separately enclosed in a sealed envelope or wrapper on which the name of the court, case name and number of the action, name of the witness, and date of the subpoena are clearly inscribed.
D(5)(b) Enclosure in a sealed outer envelope; properly addressed. The sealed envelope or wrapper must be enclosed in an outer envelope or wrapper and sealed. The outer envelope or wrapper must be addressed as follows:
D(5)(b)(i) Court. If the subpoena directs attendance in court, to the clerk of the court, or to a judge;
D(5)(b)(ii) Deposition or similar hearing. If the subpoena directs attendance at a deposition or similar hearing, to the officer administering the oath for the deposition at the place designated in the subpoena for the taking of the deposition or at the officer’s place of business;
D(5)(b)(iii) Other hearings or miscellaneous proceedings. If the subpoena directs attendance at another hearing or another miscellaneous proceeding, to the officer or body conducting the hearing or proceeding at the officer’s or body’s official place of business; or
D(5)(b)(iv) If no hearing is scheduled. If no hearing is scheduled, to the attorney or party issuing the subpoena.
D(6) Additional responsibilities of attorney or party receiving delivery of CHI.
D(6)(a) Service of a copy of subpoena on patient and all parties to the litigation. If the subpoena directs delivery of CHI to the attorney or party who issued the subpoena, then a copy of the subpoena must be served on the person whose CHI is sought, and on all other parties to the litigation who are not in default, not less than 14 days prior to service of the subpoena on the custodian or keeper of the records.
D(6)(b) Parties’ right to inspect or obtain a copy of the CHI at own expense. Any party to the proceeding may inspect the CHI provided and may request a complete copy of the information. On request, the CHI must be promptly provided by the party who served the subpoena at the expense of the party who requested the copies.
D(7) Inspection of CHI delivered to court or other proceeding. After filing and after giving reasonable notice in writing to all parties who have appeared of the time and place of inspection, the copy of the CHI may be inspected by any party or by the attorney of record of a party in the presence of the custodian of the court files, but otherwise the copy must remain sealed and must be opened only at the time of trial, deposition, or other hearing at the direction of the judge, officer, or body conducting the proceeding. The CHI must be opened in the presence of all parties who have appeared in person or by counsel at the trial, deposition, or hearing. CHI that is not introduced in evidence or required as part of the record must be returned to the custodian who produced it.
D(8) Compliance by delivery only when no personal attendance is required.
D(8)(a) Mail or delivery by a nonparty, along with declaration. A custodian of CHI who is not a party to the litigation connected to the subpoena, and who is not required to attend and testify, may comply by mailing or otherwise delivering a true and correct copy of all CHI subpoenaed within five days after the subpoena is received, along with a declaration that complies with paragraph D(8)(b) of this rule.
D(8)(b) Declaration of custodian of records when CHI produced. CHI that is produced when personal attendance of the custodian is not required must be accompanied by a declaration of the custodian that certifies all of the following:
D(8)(b)(i) Authority of declarant. The declarant is a duly authorized custodian of the records and has authority to certify records;
D(8)(b)(ii) True and complete copy. The copy produced is a true copy of all of the CHI responsive to the subpoena; and
D(8)(b)(iii) Proper preparation practices. Preparation of the copy of the CHI being produced was done:
D(8)(b)(iii)(A) by the declarant, or by qualified personnel acting under the control of the entity subpoenaed or the declarant;
D(8)(b)(iii)(B) in the ordinary course of the entity’s or the person’s business; and
D(8)(b)(iii)(C) at or near the time of the act, condition, or event described or referred to in the CHI.
D(8)(c) Declaration of custodian of records when not all CHI produced. When the custodian of records produces no CHI, or less information than requested, the custodian of records must specify this in the declaration. The custodian may only send CHI within the custodian’s custody.
D(8)(d) Multiple declarations allowed when necessary. When more than one person has knowledge of the facts required to be stated in the declaration, more than one declaration may be used.
D(9) Designation of responsible party when multiple parties subpoena CHI. If more than one party subpoenas a custodian of records to personally attend under paragraph D(4)(c) of this rule, the custodian of records will be deemed to be the witness of the party who first served such a subpoena.
D(10) Tender and payment of fees. Nothing in this section requires the tender or payment of more than one witness fee and mileage for one day unless there has been agreement to the contrary.
[CCP 12/2/78; §§ A, C, H amended by 1979 c.284 §§ 33, 34, 35; §§ D(1), F(2) amended by CCP 12/13/80; § D amended by CCP 12/4/82; § D amended by 1983 c.751 § 5; §H (2) amended by CCP 12/13/86; § H(2) amended by CCP 12/10/88 and 1/6/89; § E amended by 1989 c.980 § 3; §§ A, B, C, D, F, H amended by CCP 12/15/90; § H amended by 1993 c.18 § 3; § D amended by CCP 12/10/94 and 1995 c.79 § 404; §§ F, H amended by CCP 12/10/94; § I added by 1995 c.694 § 1; § I amended by CCP 12/14/96; § D amended by 1997 c.249 § 10; § C amended by 1999 c.59 § 5; § I amended by CCP 12/12/98; § H amended by 2001 c.104 § 3; § H amended by CCP 12/14/02 and 2003 c.194 § 11; § I deleted by CCP 12/14/02; § F amended by CCP 12/9/06; § D amended by CCP 12/13/08 and 2009 c.364 § 1; § H amended by CCP 12/1/12; amended by CCP 12/6/14; §§ A, B, C, D amended and §§ E, F, G, H deleted by CCP 12/8/18; §§ A, B, C amended by CCP 12/12/20]