Prevention of Significant Deterioration Requirements for Sources in Attainment or Unclassified Areas
(1)Intentionally left blank —Ed.
(a)Preconstruction Air Quality Monitoring:
(A)The owner or operator of a source must submit with the application an analysis of ambient air quality in the area impacted by the proposed project for each regulated pollutant subject to this rule except as allowed by paragraph (B).
(i)The analysis must include continuous air quality monitoring data for any regulated pollutant subject to this rule that may be emitted by the source, except for volatile organic compounds.
(ii)The data must relate to the year preceding receipt of the complete application and must have been gathered over the same time period.
(iii)DEQ may allow the owner or operator to demonstrate that data gathered over some other time period would be adequate to determine that the source would not cause or contribute to a violation of an ambient air quality standard or any applicable PSD increment.
(iv)When PM10/PM2.5 preconstruction monitoring is required by this section, at least four months of data must be collected, including the season DEQ judges to have the highest PM10/PM2.5 levels. PM10/PM2.5 must be measured using 40 CFR part 50, Appendices J and L. In some cases, a full year of data will be required.
(v)The owner or operator must submit a written preconstruction air quality monitoring plan at least 60 days prior to the planned beginning of monitoring. The applicant may not commence monitoring under the plan until DEQ approves the plan in writing.
(vi)Required air quality monitoring must comply with 40 CFR part 58 Appendix A, “Quality Assurance Requirements for SLAMS, SPMs and PSD Air Monitoring” and with other methods on file with DEQ.
(vii)With DEQ’s approval, the owner or operator may use representative or conservative background concentration data in lieu of conducting preconstruction air quality monitoring if the source demonstrates that such data is adequate to determine that the source would not cause or contribute to a violation of an ambient air quality standard or any applicable PSD increment.
(B)DEQ may exempt the owner or operator of a source from preconstruction monitoring for a specific regulated pollutant if the owner or operator demonstrates that the air quality impact from the emissions increase would be less than the amounts listed below, or that modeled competing source concentration plus the general background concentration of the regulated pollutant within the source impact area, as defined in OAR 340 division 225, are less than the following significant monitoring concentrations:
(i)Carbon monoxide; 575 ug/m3, 8 hour average;
(ii)Nitrogen dioxide; 14 ug/m3, annual average;
(iii)PM10; 10 ug/m3, 24 hour average;
(iv)PM2.5; 0 ug/m3, 24-hour average;
(v)Sulfur dioxide; 13 ug/m3, 24 hour average;
(vi)Ozone; Any net increase of 100 tons/year or more of VOCs from a source requires an ambient impact analysis, including the gathering of ambient air quality data unless the existing representative monitoring data shows maximum ozone concentrations are less than 50 percent of the ozone ambient air quality standards based on a full season of monitoring;
(vii)Lead; 0.1 ug/m3, 24 hour average;
(viii)Fluorides; 0.25 ug/m3, 24 hour average;
(ix)Total reduced sulfur; 10 ug/m3, 1 hour average;
(x)Hydrogen sulfide; 0.04 ug/m3, 1 hour average;
(xi)Reduced sulfur compounds; 10 ug/m3, 1 hour average.
(b)Post-Construction Air Quality Monitoring: DEQ may require post-construction ambient air quality monitoring as a permit condition to establish the effect of actual emissions, other than volatile organic compounds, on the air quality of any area that such emissions could affect.
(2)Best Available Control Technology (BACT). For a source under the applicability criteria in OAR 340-224-0010 (Applicability, General Prohibitions, General Requirements and Jurisdiction)(1)(a)(A), the owner or operator must apply BACT for each regulated pollutant emitted at or above a SER. For a source under the applicability criteria in 340-224-0010 (Applicability, General Prohibitions, General Requirements and Jurisdiction)(1)(a)(B) or (C), BACT applies to each regulated pollutant that is emitted at or above a SER over the netting basis and meets the criteria of major modification in OAR 340-224-0025 (Major Modification). In the Medford-Ashland AQMA, the owner or operator of any PM10 source must comply with the LAER emission control technology requirement in OAR 340-224-0050 (Requirements for Sources in Nonattainment Areas)(1), and is exempt from the BACT provision of this section.
(a)For a major modification, the requirement for BACT applies to the following:
(A)Each emissions unit that emits the regulated pollutant and is not included in the most recent netting basis established for that regulated pollutant; and
(B)Each emissions unit that emits the regulated pollutant and is included in the most recent netting basis and contributed to the emissions increase calculated in OAR 340-224-0025 (Major Modification)(2)(a)(B) for the regulated pollutant.
(b)For phased construction projects, the BACT determination must be reviewed at the latest reasonable time before commencement of construction of each independent phase.
(c)When determining BACT for a change that was made at a source before the current Major NSR application, any additional cost of retrofitting required controls may be considered provided:
(A)The change was made in compliance with Major NSR requirements in effect at the time the change was made, and
(B)No limit is being relaxed that was previously relied on to avoid Major NSR.
(d)Modifications to individual emissions units that have an emission increase, calculated per OAR 340-224-0025 (Major Modification)(2)(a)(B), that is less than 10 percent of the SER are exempt from this section unless:
(A)They are not constructed yet;
(B)They are part of a discrete, identifiable larger project that was constructed within the previous 5 years and that is equal to or greater than 10 percent of the SER; or
(C)They were constructed without, or in violation of, DEQ’s approval.
(3)Air Quality Protection:
(a)Air Quality Analysis:
(A)The owner or operator of the source must comply with OAR 340-225-0050 (Requirements for Analysis in PSD Class II and Class III Areas) and 340-225-0060 (Requirements for Demonstrating Compliance with Standards and Increments in PSD Class I Areas) for each regulated pollutant for which emissions will exceed the netting basis by the SER or more due to the proposed source or modification.
(B)The owner or operator of a federal major source must comply with OAR 340-225-0050 (Requirements for Analysis in PSD Class II and Class III Areas)(4) and 340-225-0070 (Requirements for Demonstrating Compliance with Air Quality Related Values Protection).
(b)For increases of direct PM2.5 or PM2.5 precursors equal to or greater than the SERs, the owner or operator must provide an analysis of PM2.5 air quality impacts based on all increases of direct PM2.5 and PM2.5 precursors.
(c)The owner or operator of the source must demonstrate that it will not cause or contribute to a new violation of an ambient air quality standard or PSD increment even if the single source impact is less than the significant impact level under OAR 340-225-0050 (Requirements for Analysis in PSD Class II and Class III Areas)(1).
(4)Sources Impacting Other Designated Areas: The owner or operator of any source that will have a significant impact on air quality in a designated area other than the one the source is locating in must also meet the following requirements, as applicable:
(a)The owner or operator of any source that emits an ozone precursor (VOC or NOx) at or above the SER over the netting basis is considered to have a significant impact if located within 100 kilometers of a designated ozone area, and must also meet the requirements for demonstrating net air quality benefit under OAR 340-224-0510 (Net Air Quality Benefit Emission Offsets: Common Offset Requirements) and 340-224-0520 (Net Air Quality Benefit Emission Offsets: Requirements for Demonstrating Net Air Quality Benefit for Ozone Areas) for ozone designated areas.
(b)The owner or operator of any source that emits any criteria pollutant, other than NOx as an ozone precursor, at or above the SER over the netting basis and has an impact equal to or greater than the Class II SIL on another designated area must also meet the requirements for demonstrating net air quality benefit under OAR 340-224-0510 (Net Air Quality Benefit Emission Offsets: Common Offset Requirements) and 340-224-0540 (Net Air Quality Benefit Emission Offsets: Sources in a Designated Area Impacting Other Designated Areas) for designated areas other than ozone designated areas.
Rule 340-224-0070 — Prevention of Significant Deterioration Requirements for Sources in Attainment or Unclassified Areas,