(1)“Achievement gap” means the research-based gap in achievement that often exists among students who are economically disadvantaged, students learning English as a second language and students who are African American, Hispanic or Native American and their peers.
(2)“At Risk” means a child who is at risk of not entering school ready to learn due to factors including but not limited to:
(a)Living in a household that is at or near poverty, as determined under federal poverty guidelines;
(b)Living in inadequate or unsafe housing; having inadequate nutrition;
(c)Living in a household where there is significant or documented domestic conflict, disruption or violence;
(d)Having a parent who suffers from mental illness, who engages in substance abuse or who experiences a developmental disability or an intellectual disability;
(e)Living in circumstances under which there is neglectful or abusive care-giving; or
(f)Having unmet health care and medical treatment needs and having a racial or ethnic minority status that is historically consistent with disproportionate overrepresentation in academic achievement gaps or in the systems of child welfare, foster care or juvenile or adult corrections.
(3)“Early childhood services” means programs and services for children ages birth through six years of age that address language and literacy development, cognition and general knowledge and learning approaches, physical health and well-being, motor development and social and emotional development. Providers of early childhood services include Early Learning Hubs, relief nurseries, home visiting programs, child care providers, preschools, Head Start, Oregon Pre-K, and others who provide programs and services for children ages birth through six.
(4)“Early Learning Hub” means an existing or newly created entity designated by regional partners to coordinate early learning services designed to produce better outcomes for children: increase kindergarten readiness for at-risk children, to increase the stable and attached families and to ensure system coordination and efficiency in order to attain Oregon’s 40-40-20 Educational Goal. Regional partners may include counties, cities, school districts, education service districts, community colleges, public universities, private educational institutions, faith based organizations, nonprofit service providers, and tribes.
(5)“English Language Learners” means children whose native language is other than English or who speak a language other than English in their home.
(6)“Non-profit organization” means:
(a)An organization established as a nonprofit organization under the laws of Oregon; and
(b)Qualifies as an exempt organization under section 501 (c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code as defined in ORS 314.011 (Definitions).
Rule 414-800-0005 — Definitions,