Direction and Control Test
(1)ORS 670.600 (Independent contractor defined) states that an “independent contractor” must be “free from direction and control over the means and manner” of providing services to others. The agencies that have adopted this rule will use the following definitions in their interpretation and application of the “direction and control” test:
(a)“Means” are resources used or needed in performing services. To be free from direction and control over the means of providing services an independent contractor must determine which resources to use in order to perform the work, and how to use those resources. Depending upon the nature of the business, examples of the “means” used in performing services include such things as tools or equipment, labor, devices, plans, materials, licenses, property, work location, and assets, among other things.
(b)“Manner” is the method by which services are performed. To be free from direction and control over the manner of providing services an independent contractor must determine how to perform the work. Depending upon the nature of the business, examples of the “manner” by which services are performed include such things as work schedules, and work processes and procedures, among other things.
(c)“Free from direction and control” means that the independent contractor is free from the right of another person to control the means or manner by which the independent contractor provides services. If the person for whom services are provided has the right to control the means or manner of providing the services, it does not matter whether that person actually exercises the right of control.
(2)Right to specify results to be achieved. Specifying the final desired results of the contractor’s services does not constitute direction and control over the means or manner of providing those services.
Rule 436-170-0200 — Direction and Control Test,