Except as otherwise provided in this section, a person subject to the Oregon Code of Military Justice who is charged with an offense is not liable to be tried by court-martial if the offense was committed more than three years before the receipt of sworn charges and specifications by an officer exercising court-martial jurisdiction over the command.
A person charged with an offense is not liable to be punished under Article 15 of the Oregon Code of Military Justice if the offense was committed more than one year before any proceeding relating to the offense has been initiated.
Periods of time in which the accused is absent without authority or is fleeing from justice must be excluded in computing the period of limitation prescribed in this section.
Periods of time in which the accused is absent from territory in which the state has the authority to apprehend the accused, is in the custody of civil authorities or is in the hands of the enemy must be excluded in computing the period of limitation prescribed in this section.
When the United States is at war or the President of the United States has declared a national emergency, the running of any statute of limitation applicable to an offense under the Oregon Code of Military Justice is suspended until two years after the termination of hostilities or national emergency as proclaimed by the President or by a joint resolution of Congress if the offense:
Involved fraud or attempted fraud against the United States, any state or any state or federal agency, whether by conspiracy or not;
Was committed in connection with the acquisition, care, handling, custody, control or disposition of any real or personal property of the United States or of any state; or
Was committed in connection with the negotiation, procurement, award, performance, payment, interim financing, cancellation or other termination or settlement of any contract, subcontract or purchase order that is connected with or related to the prosecution of war or with any disposition of termination inventory by a war contractor or governmental agency.
If charges or specifications are dismissed as defective or insufficient for any cause and the period prescribed by the applicable statute of limitation has expired or will expire within 180 days after the date of dismissal of the charges and specifications, trial and punishment under new charges and specifications are not barred by the statute of limitation if the new charges and specifications:
Are received by an officer exercising summary court-martial jurisdiction over the command within 180 days after the dismissal of the charges or specifications; and
Allege the same acts or omissions that were alleged in the dismissed charges or specifications, or allege acts or omissions that were included in the dismissed charges or specifications. [1961 c.454 §122; 1985 c.682 §30; 2013 c.81 §12]