General Responsibilities of a Pharmacist
ORS 689.025 (Policy) states that “the practice of pharmacy in the State of Oregon is declared a health care professional practice affecting the public health, safety and welfare”. Pharmacy practice is a dynamic patient-oriented health service that applies a scientific body of knowledge to improve and promote patient health by means of appropriate drug use, drug-related therapy, and communication for clinical and consultative purposes. A pharmacist licensed to practice pharmacy by the Board has the duty to use that degree of care, skill, diligence and professional judgment that is exercised by an ordinarily careful pharmacist in the same or similar circumstances.
A pharmacist while on duty must ensure that the pharmacy complies with all state and federal laws and rules governing the practice of pharmacy.
Only a pharmacist may practice pharmacy as defined in ORS 689.005 (Definitions), to include the provision of patient care services. Activities that require the professional judgment of a pharmacist include but are not limited to:
Drug Utilization Review;
Drug Regimen Review;
Medication Therapy Management;
Collaborative Drug Therapy Management or other post-diagnostic disease state management, pursuant to a valid agreement;
Practice pursuant to State Drug Therapy Management Protocols;(g) Prescribing a drug or device, as authorized by statute;
Ordering, interpreting and monitoring of a laboratory test;
Oral receipt or transfer of a prescription; and
Final verification of the work performed by those under their supervision.
A pharmacist may not delegate any task listed in OAR 855-019-0200 (General Responsibilities of a Pharmacist)(2), except that a pharmacist may permit an intern to perform the duties of a pharmacist under their direction and supervision, after the intern has successfully completed his or her first academic year, and only after successful completion of coursework corresponding to those duties.
An intern cannot prescribe a drug or device and cannot perform final verification.
A pharmacist who is supervising an intern is responsible for the actions of that intern; however, this does not absolve the intern from responsibility for their own actions.
A pharmacist on duty is responsible for supervising all pharmacy personnel, and ensuring that pharmacy personnel only work within the scope of duties allowed by the Board.
A pharmacist may not permit non-pharmacist personnel to perform any duty they are not licensed and trained to perform.
A pharmacist while on duty is responsible for the security of the pharmacy area including:
Providing adequate safeguards against theft or diversion of prescription drugs, and records for such drugs;
Ensuring that all records and inventories are maintained in accordance with state and federal laws and rules;
Ensuring that only a pharmacist has access to the pharmacy when the pharmacy is closed.