(1)“Accredited Laboratory” means a laboratory that is currently accredited by an independent laboratory accrediting body for analyzing motor fuels using American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) International test procedures and specifications.
(2)“Alcohol” means a volatile flammable liquid having the general formula CnH(2n+1)OH used or sold for the purpose of blending or mixing with gasoline for use in propelling motor vehicles, and commonly or commercially known or sold as an alcohol, and includes ethanol or methanol.
(3)“ASTM” means ASTM International, the national voluntary consensus standards organization formed for the development of standards on characteristics and performance of materials, products, systems, and services; and the promotion of related knowledge. ASTM when used in these rules shall mean the 2016 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Section 5, Volumes 05.01 through 05.05.
(4)“Antiknock Index (AKI) ”means the arithmetic average of the Research Octane Number (RON) and Motor Octane Number (MON): AKI=(RON+MON)/2. This value is called by a variety of names, in addition to antiknock index, including: Octane Rating, Posted Octane, (R+M)/2 Octane.
(5)“Automotive Fuel Rating” means the automotive fuel rating determined under 16 CFR 306.5, required to be certified under 16 CFR 306.6 and 16 CFR 306.8, and required to be posted under 16 CFR 306.10. Under this Rule, sellers of liquid automotive fuels, including alternative fuels, must determine, certify, and post an appropriate automotive fuel rating. The automotive fuel rating for gasoline is the antiknock index (octane rating). The automotive fuel rating for alternative liquid fuels consists of the common name of the fuel along with a disclosure of the amount, expressed as a minimum percentage by volume, of the principal component of the fuel. For alternative liquid automotive fuels, a disclosure of other components, expressed as a minimum percentage by volume, may be included, if desired.
(6)“Automotive Gasoline, Automotive Gasoline-Oxygenate Blend” means a type of fuel suitable for use in spark-ignition automobile engines and also commonly used in marine and non-automotive applications.
(7)“Aviation Gasoline” means a type of gasoline suitable for use as a fuel in an aviation gas spark-ignition internal combustion engine.
(8)“Batch” and “Production Lot” means a homogenous production volume of finished biodiesel from one or more sources that is held in a single container where representative samples are taken and analyzed to provide an authentic certificate of analysis (COA) for the specific volume.
(9)“Bulk Facility” means a facility, including pipelines terminals, refinery terminals, rail and barge terminals and associated underground and above ground tanks connected or separate, from which motor vehicle fuels are withdrawn from bulk and delivered to retail, wholesale or nonretail facilities or into a cargo tank or barge used to transport those products.
(10)“Base Gasoline” means all components other than ethanol in a blend of gasoline and ethanol.
(11)“Biodiesel” means a motor vehicle fuel consisting of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils, animal fats, or other nonpetroleum resources, not including palm oil, designated as B100 and complying with ASTM D6751. Biodiesel produced in or imported into Oregon for use as a blend stock shall comply with B100 biodiesel requirements including ASTM International D6751 and the Certificate of Analysis.
(12)“Biodiesel Blend” means a fuel comprised of a blend of biodiesel fuel with petroleum-based diesel fuel, designated BXX. In the abbreviation BXX, the XX represents the volume percentage of biodiesel fuel in the blend.
(13)“Biomass” means organic matter that is available on a renewable or recurring basis and that is derived from:
(a)Forest or rangeland woody debris from harvesting or thinning conducted to improve forest or rangeland ecological health and reduce uncharacteristic stand replacing wildfire risk;
(b)Wood material from hardwood timber described in ORS 321.267 (Lands not eligible for special assessment)(3);
(d)Offal and tallow from animal rendering;
(e)Food wastes collected as provided under ORS Chapter 459 (Solid Waste Management) or 459A;
(f)Yard or wood debris collected as provided under ORS Chapter 459 (Solid Waste Management) or 459A;
(g)Wastewater solids; or
(h)Crops grown solely to be used for energy, and
(i)Biomass does not mean wood that has been treated with creosote, pentachlorophenol, inorganic arsenic, or other inorganic chemical compounds.
(14)“Biomass-Based Diesel”, also referred to as Other Renewable Diesel and Renewable Diesel, means a conventional diesel fuel substitute produced from nonpetroleum renewable resources that meets the registration requirements for fuels and fuel additives established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under the 2007 42 U.S.C. 7545, and includes fuel derived from biomass (Reference OAR 603-027-0410 (Definitions)) and animal wastes, including poultry fats and poultry wastes, and other waste materials, or from municipal solid waste and sludges and oils derived from wastewater and the treatment of wastewater, except that the term does not include biodiesel as defined in OAR 603-027-0410 (Definitions), complies with ASTM International D975 Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils or other applicable ASTM product specifications, can be used as a finished fuel or fuel blending component, and designated “100% Biomass-Based Diesel”.
(15)“Biomass-Based Diesel Blend”, also referred to as Other Renewable Diesel Blend and Renewable Diesel Blend, means a fuel comprised of a blend of biomass-based diesel fuel with conventional petroleum-based diesel fuel, designated “XX% Biomass-Based Diesel Blend”, and complies with ASTM International D975. In the abbreviation, “XX%”, the XX represents the volume percentage of biomass-based diesel in the blend.
(16)“Certificate of analysis” means:
(a)A document verifying that B100 biodiesel has been analyzed and complies with, at a minimum, the following ASTM D 6751 biodiesel fuel test methods and specifications:
(A)Flash point (ASTM D 93);
(B)Acid number (ASTM D 664);
(C)Cloud point (ASTM D 2500);
(D)Water and sediment (ASTM D 2709);
(E)Visual appearance (ASTM D 4176);
(F)Free glycerin (ASTM D 6584);
(G)Total glycerin (ASTM D 6584);
(H)Oxidation stability (EN 14112 as per ASTM D 6751); and
(I)Sulfur (ASTM D 5453 or ASTM D 7039).
(b)The ASTM International standards referenced in ORS 646.905 (Definitions for ORS 646.910 to 646.923)(3) for free and total glycerin are incorrect. The correct ASTM International standards reference for free and total glycerin is ASTM D 6584.
(17)“Cetane Index” means an approximation of the cetane number of distillate fuel, which does not take into account the effect of a cetane improver additive, calculated from the density and distillation measurements. (Ref. ASTM D 976.)
(18)“Cetane Number” means a numerical measure of the ignition performance of a diesel fuel obtained by comparing it to reference fuels in a standardized engine test. (Ref. ASTM D 613.)
(19)“Coordinating Research Council (CRC) Rating” means a standardized format for rating injector and engine deposits as developed by the CRC.
(20)“Co-solvent” means an alcohol other than methanol which is blended with either methanol or ethanol or both to minimize phase separation in gasoline.
(21)“Dealer” means any motor vehicle fuel retailer dealer, nonretail dealer or wholesale dealer.
(22)“Director” means the Director of Agriculture.
(23)“Diesel Fuel” means a refined middle distillate suitable for use as a fuel in a compression-ignition (diesel) internal combustion engine.
(24)“Distillate.” means any product obtained by condensing the vapors given off by boiling petroleum or its products.
(25)“EPA” means the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
(26)“E85 Fuel Ethanol” means a blend of ethanol and hydrocarbons of which the ethanol portion is nominally 75 to 85 volume percent denatured fuel ethanol (Ref. ASTM D 5798).
(27)“Ethanol” also known as “Denatured Fuel Ethanol”, means nominally anhydrous ethyl alcohol meeting ASTM D 4806 standards. It is intended to be blended with gasoline for use as a fuel in a spark-ignition internal combustion engine. The denatured fuel ethanol is first made unfit for drinking by the addition of Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) approved substances before blending with gasoline.
(28)“Ethanol facilities production capacity” means the designed and “as-constructed” rated capacity as verified by the Oregon Department of Agriculture, or the ethanol facilities production capacity as determined by an independent Professional Engineer registered in the State of Oregon that is not the design consultant and as verified by the Oregon Department of Agriculture.
(29)“Feedstock” means the original biomass used in biofuel production.
(30)“Gasoline” means any fuel sold for use in spark ignition engines whether leaded or unleaded.
(31)“Gasoline-Oxygenate Blend” means a fuel consisting primarily of gasoline along with a substantial amount (more than 0.35 mass percent oxygen, or more than 0.15 mass oxygen if methanol is the only oxygenate) of one or more oxygenates.
(32)“Lead Substitute” means an EPA-registered gasoline additive suitable, when added in small amounts to fuel, to reduce or prevent exhaust valve recession (or seat wear) in automotive spark-ignition internal combustion engines designed to operate on leaded fuel.
(33)“Lead Substitute Engine Fuel” means a gasoline or gasoline-oxygenate blend that contains a “lead substitute.”
(34)Low Temperature Operability" means a condition which allows the uninterrupted operation of a diesel engine through the continuous flow of fuel throughout its fuel delivery system at low temperatures.
(35)“Lubricity” means a qualitative term describing the ability of a fluid to affect friction between, and wear to, surfaces in relative motion under load.
(36)“Methanol” means methyl alcohol, a flammable liquid having the formula CH3OH used or sold for the purpose of blending or mixing with gasoline for use in motor vehicles.
(37)“M100 Fuel Methanol” means nominally anhydrous methyl alcohol, generally containing small amounts of additives, suitable for use as a fuel in a compression-ignition combustion engine.
(38)“M85 Fuel Methanol” means a blend of methanol and hydrocarbons of which the methanol portion is nominally 70 to 85 volume percent and which meets the requirements of ASTM D 5797.
(39)“Motor Octane Number” means a numerical indication of a spark-ignition engine fuel’s resistance to knock obtained by comparison with reference fuels in a standardized ASTM D 2700 Motor Method engine test.
(40)“Motor Vehicles” means all vehicles, vessels, watercraft, engines, machines, or mechanical contrivances that are propelled by internal combustion engines or motors.
(41)“Motor Vehicle Fuel” means gasoline, gasoline-ethanol blends, diesel, biomass-based diesel, biomass-based diesel blends, B100 Biodiesel, Biodiesel Blends, E85 Fuel Ethanol, M85 Fuel Methanol, or any other liquid product used for the generation of power in an internal combustion engine, except aviation jet fuels, liquefied petroleum gases or natural gases.
(42)“Nonretail dealer” means any person who owns, operates, controls or supervises an establishment at which motor vehicle fuel is dispensed through a card or key-activated fuel dispensing device to nonretail customers.
(43)“Octane Rating” means the rating of the anti-knock characteristics of a grade or type of gasoline determined by dividing by two the sum of the research octane number and the motor octane number.
(44)“Octane Rating Certification Documentation” means an invoice, bill of lading, delivery ticket, letter or other documentation that specifies the actual octane rating or a rounded rating that is the largest whole number or half of a number that is less than or equal to the number determined by or certified to the person transferring the gasoline.
(45)“Official Sample” means a motor fuel sample delivered via nozzle directly through a fuel pump, dispenser, or metering device from either a fuel delivery truck, tank wagon, above ground or below ground fuel storage tank into a suitable sealable, one litre or larger pressure-tight metal or glass container in the presence of, or drawn by, a department representative in the manner prescribed by department procedures. An official sample shall be appropriately sealed and labeled as to its identity, type, brand, grade, posted automotive fuel rating and the location, source, date, and name of official taking it at the time it is withdrawn from storage. A custody transfer receipt or record will be completed whenever an official sample changes hands enroute to a qualified motor fuel standards laboratory.
(46)“Oxygen Content of Gasoline” means the percentage of oxygen by mass contained in a gasoline.
(47)“Oxygenate” means an oxygen-containing, ashless, organic compound, such as an alcohol or ether, which can be used as a fuel or fuel supplement.
(48)“Premium Diesel” means a refined middle distillate suitable for use as a fuel in a compression-ignition (diesel) internal combustion engine and shall meet Standard Fuel Specifications OAR 603-027-0420 (Standard Fuel Specifications).
(49)“Production” means the ability of a biofuel production facility to produce biofuel that is in compliance with applicable ASTM International specifications.
(50)“Production Lot” and “Batch” means a homogenous production volume of finished biodiesel from one or more sources that is held in a single container where representative samples are taken and analyzed to provide an authentic certificate of analysis (COA) for the specific volume.
(51)“Research Octane Number” means a numerical indication of a spark-ignition engine fuel’s resistance to knock obtained by comparison with reference fuels in a standardized ASTM D 2699 Research Method engine test.
(52)“Retail Dealer” means any person who owns, operates, controls or supervises an establishment at which motor vehicle fuel is or offered for sale to the public.
(53)“SAE” means the SAE International, a technical organization for engineers, scientists, technicians, and others in positions that cooperate closely in the engineering, design, manufacture, use, and maintainability of self-propelled vehicles.
(54)“Sales” means volumes of biofuels measured in gallons per year, relevant consumer usage, demand, pricing, and other factors affecting sales.
(55)“Thermal Stability” means the ability of a fuel to resist the thermal stress which is experienced by the fuel when exposed to high temperatures in a fuel delivery system.
(56)“Unleaded” in conjunction with “engine fuel” or “gasoline” means any gasoline or gasoline-oxygenate blend to which no lead or phosphorus compounds have been intentionally added and which contains not more than 0.013 gram lead per liter (0.05 g lead per U.S. gal) and not more than 0.0013 gram phosphorus per liter (0.005 g phosphorus per U.S. gal).
(57)“Use” means the historic blending of biofuel in Oregon in areas using biofuel to meet Oregon’s Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) and other information relevant to industry blending of biofuel including the infrastructure capacity to blend and distribute biofuel.
(58)“Wholesale Dealer” means any person who sells motor vehicle fuel if the seller knows or has reasonable cause to believe that the buyer intends to resell the motor vehicle fuel in the same or an altered form to a retail dealer, a nonretail dealer, or another wholesale dealer.
(59)“Winter” or “Winterized” Diesel means a refined middle distillate suitable for use as a fuel in a compression-ignition (diesel) internal combustion engine which has been blended for low temperature operability and shall meet Standard Fuel Specifications OAR 603-027-0420 (Standard Fuel Specifications).
(60)“Withdrawn From Bulk” means removed from a bulk facility for delivery directly into a cargo tank or a barge to be transported to a location other than another bulk facility for use or sale in this state.
Rule 603-027-0410 — Definitions,