ORS 100.005

As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise:


“Acknowledged” means, with respect to a signature on a document or a signed document, that the document is acknowledged in the form and manner provided for the acknowledgment of a deed.


“Assessment” means any charge imposed or levied by the association of unit owners on or against a unit owner or unit pursuant to provisions of the declaration or the bylaws of the condominium or provisions of this chapter.


“Association of unit owners” or “association” means the association provided for under ORS 100.405 (Association of unit owners).


“Association property” means any real property or interest in real property acquired, held or possessed by the association provided for under ORS 100.405 (Association of unit owners).


“Blanket encumbrance” means a trust deed or mortgage or any other lien or encumbrance, mechanic’s lien or otherwise, securing or evidencing the payment of money and affecting more than one unit in a condominium, or an agreement affecting more than one such unit by which the developer holds such condominium under an option, contract to sell or trust agreement.


“Building” means a multiple-unit building or single-unit buildings, or any combination thereof, comprising a part of the property. “Building” also includes a floating structure described in ORS 100.020 (Condominium provisions) (3)(b)(D).


“Certified by the association” or “executed by the association” means signed by the secretary and the president or chairperson of the association.


“Commissioner” means the Real Estate Commissioner.


“Common elements” means the general common elements and the limited common elements.


“Common expenses” means:


Expenses of administration, maintenance, repair or replacement of the common elements; and


Expenses declared common by this chapter or by the declaration or the bylaws of the particular condominium.


“Condominium” means:


With respect to property located within this state:


The land, if any, whether fee simple, leasehold, easement or other interest or combination thereof, and whether contiguous or noncontiguous;


Any buildings, improvements and structures on the property; and


Any easements, rights and appurtenances belonging to the property submitted to the condominium form of ownership under this chapter; and


With respect to property located outside this state, the property that has been committed to the condominium form of ownership in accordance with the jurisdiction within which the property is located.


“Conversion condominium” means real property that a declarant intends to submit to the condominium form of ownership under this chapter on which there is a building, improvement or structure that was occupied prior to any negotiation and that is:


Residential in nature, at least in part; and


Not wholly commercial or industrial, or commercial and industrial, in nature.


“Declarant” means a person who records a declaration under ORS 100.100 (Property submitted to unit ownership by declaration) or a supplemental declaration under ORS 100.110 (Approval of declaration, supplemental declaration or amendment required).


“Declaration” means the instrument described in ORS 100.105 (Contents of declaration) by which the condominium is created and as modified by any amendment recorded in accordance with ORS 100.135 (Amendments to declaration) or supplemental declaration recorded in accordance with ORS 100.120 (Supplemental declaration and plat required to annex additional property or reclassify variable property).


“Developer” means a declarant or any person that acquires an interest in a condominium from declarant, successor declarant or subsequent developer for the primary purpose of resale.


“Electric vehicle charging station” or “charging station” means a facility designed to deliver electrical current for the purpose of charging one or more electric motor vehicles.


“Flexible condominium” means a condominium containing variable property that may be redesignated, reclassified or withdrawn from the condominium pursuant to ORS 100.150 (Declarant’s options until termination date) (1).


“General common elements,” unless otherwise provided in a declaration, means all portions of the condominium that are not part of a unit or a limited common element, including but not limited to the following:


The land, whether fee simple, leasehold, easement, other interest or combination thereof, together with any rights and appurtenances;


The foundations, columns, girders, beams, supports, bearing and shear walls, windows, except glazing and screening, unit access doors, except glazing and screening, roofs, halls, corridors, lobbies, stairs, fire escapes, entrances and exits of a building;


The basements, yards, gardens, parking areas and outside storage spaces;


Installations of central services such as power, light, gas, hot and cold water, heating, refrigeration, air conditioning, waste disposal and incinerating;


The elevators, tanks, pumps, motors, fans, compressors, ducts and in general all apparatus and installations existing for common use;


The premises for the lodging of janitors or caretakers of the property; and


All other elements of a building and the condominium necessary or convenient to their existence, maintenance and safety, or normally in common use.


“Governing document” means articles of incorporation, bylaws, a declaration or a rule, regulation or resolution that was properly adopted by the association of unit owners or any other instrument or plat relating to common ownership or common maintenance of a portion of a condominium that is binding upon units within the condominium.


“Leasehold” means the interest of a person, firm or corporation that is the lessee under a lease from the owner in fee and that files a declaration creating a condominium under ORS 100.100 (Property submitted to unit ownership by declaration).


“Limited common elements” means those common elements designated in the declaration, as reserved for the use of a certain unit or number of units, to the exclusion of the other units.


“Majority” or “majority of unit owners” means more than 50 percent of the voting rights allocated to the units by the declaration.


“Mortgagee” means any person who is:


A mortgagee under a mortgage;


A beneficiary under a trust deed; or


The vendor under a land sale contract.


“Negotiation” means any activity preliminary to the execution by either developer or purchaser of a unit sales agreement, including but not limited to advertising, solicitation and promotion of the sale of a unit.


“Nonwithdrawable variable property” means property which pursuant to ORS 100.150 (Declarant’s options until termination date) (1)(b):


Is designated nonwithdrawable in the declaration and on the plat; and


Which may not be withdrawn from the condominium without the consent of all of the unit owners.


“Percent of owners” or “percentage of owners” means the percent of the voting rights determined under ORS 100.525 (Voting or consenting).


“Purchaser” means an actual or prospective purchaser of a condominium unit pursuant to a sale.


“Recorded” means to cause to be recorded by the county officer in the real property records for each county in which the condominium is located.


“Recording officer” means the county officer charged with the duty of filing and recording deeds and mortgages or any other instruments or documents affecting the title to real property.


“Reservation agreement” means an agreement relating to the future sale of a unit which is not binding on the purchaser and which grants purchaser the right to cancel the agreement without penalty and obtain a refund of any funds deposited at any time until purchaser executes a unit sales agreement.


“Sale” means any disposition or transfer of a condominium unit, or an interest or estate therein, by a developer, including the offering of the property as a prize or gift when a monetary charge or consideration for whatever purpose is required by the developer. As used in this subsection, “interest or estate” includes a lessee’s interest in a unit for more than three years or less than three years if the interest may be renewed under the terms of the lease for a total period of more than three years. “Interest or estate” does not include any interest held for security purposes or a timeshare regulated or otherwise exempt under ORS 94.803 (Definitions for ORS 94.803 and 94.807 to 94.945) and 94.807 (Application) to 94.945 (Advertising regulation).


“Special declarant right” means any right, in addition to the regular rights of the declarant as a unit owner, reserved for the benefit of or created by the declarant under the declaration, bylaws or the provisions of this chapter.


“Staged condominium” means a condominium that provides for annexation of additional property pursuant to ORS 100.115 (Recording declaration and plat) and 100.120 (Supplemental declaration and plat required to annex additional property or reclassify variable property).


“Successor declarant” means the transferee of any special declarant right.


“Termination date” means that date described in ORS 100.105 (Contents of declaration) (2)(b) or (7)(d).


“Transitional committee” means the committee provided for under ORS 100.205 (Transitional committee).


“Turnover meeting” means the meeting provided for under ORS 100.210 (Turnover meeting).


“Unit” or “condominium unit” means a part of the property which:


Is described in ORS 100.020 (Condominium provisions) (3);


Is intended for any type of independent ownership; and


The boundaries of which are described pursuant to ORS 100.105 (Contents of declaration) (1)(d).


“Unit designation” means the number, letter or combination thereof designating a unit in the declaration and on the plat.


“Unit owner” means, except to the extent the declaration or bylaws provide otherwise, the person owning fee simple interest in a unit, the holder of a vendee’s interest in a unit under a recorded installment contract of sale and, in the case of a leasehold condominium, the holder of the leasehold estate in a unit.


“Unit sales agreement” means a written offer or agreement for the sale of a condominium unit which when fully executed will be binding on all parties. “Unit sales agreement” includes but is not limited to an earnest money receipt and agreement to purchase and other such agreements which serve as an agreement of sale for a cash transaction or which are preliminary to the execution of an installment contract of sale, but does not include a reservation agreement.


“Variable property” means property described in ORS 100.150 (Declarant’s options until termination date) (2) and designated as variable property in the declaration and on the plat.


“Voting rights” means the portion of the votes allocated to a unit by the declaration in accordance with ORS 100.105 (Contents of declaration) (1)(j). [Formerly 94.004; 1997 c.816 §1; 1999 c.677 §38; 2001 c.756 §24; 2007 c.410 §5; 2013 c.438 §5; 2017 c.221 §2; 2017 c.423 §1; 2019 c.69 §34]
§§ 100.005 to 100.910

(formerly 94.004 to 94.480)

See also annotations under ORS 91.505 to 91.675 in permanent edition.

Notes of Decisions

Even if declarations filed for purpose of bringing development within condominium law were defective for failure to conform to statutory requirements, development was not vitiated but deficiencies would constitute mistake in transaction thus making instrument eligible for reformation in equity. Dickey v. Barnes, Mossberg, 268 Or 226, 519 P2d 1252 (1974)

Developers of planned unit developments which are not organized as condominiums cannot claim the tax advantages of the Unit Ownership Law. Brooks Resources v. Dept. of Rev., 276 Or 1177, 558 P2d 312 (1976)

Purchasers of condominium units are automatically members of the unit owners association and subject to its declaration and bylaws; where those declarations and bylaws provide discretion to the Board of Directors to assess for fees necessary to create a "unified plan for the development and operation" of the condominium, and the purchaser has alleged no abuse of discretion, the judgment of the Board of Directors is upheld. Assn. of Unit Owners of the Inn of the Seventh Mountain v. Gruenfeld, 277 Or 259, 560 P2d 641 (1977)

Acquisition of property by condominium association is not limited to property subject to annexation requirements. Gier's Liquor v. Association of Unit Owners, 124 Or App 365, 862 P2d 560 (1993)

Law Review Citations

16 WLR 253 (1979)

Chapter 100

Notes of Decisions

This chapter does not authorize regulation by the Real Estate Division of sales of "right to use" time share interests in condominiums. Royal Aloha Partners v. Real Estate Division, 59 Or App 564, 651 P2d 1350 (1982)

Law Review Citations

18 WLR 95 (1982)


Last accessed
Jun. 26, 2021