Enforcement and Recognition of Foreign Judgments
Foreign restraining orders
(1)For the purposes of this section:
(a)“Foreign restraining order” means a restraining order that is a foreign judgment as defined by ORS 24.105 (Definitions for ORS 24.105 to 24.125, 24.135 and 24.155 to 24.175).
(b)(A) “Restraining order” means an injunction or other order issued for the purpose of preventing:
(i)Violent or threatening acts or harassment against another person;
(ii)Contact or communication with another person; or
(B)“Restraining order” includes temporary and final orders, other than support or child custody orders, issued by a civil or criminal court regardless of whether the order was obtained by filing an independent action or as a pendente lite order in another proceeding. However, for a civil order to be considered a restraining order, the civil order must have been issued in response to a complaint, petition or motion filed by or on behalf of a person seeking protection.
(2)(a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection, immediately upon the arrival in this state of a person protected by a foreign restraining order, the foreign restraining order is enforceable as an Oregon order without the necessity of filing and continues to be enforceable as an Oregon order without any further action by the protected person.
(b)A foreign restraining order is not enforceable as an Oregon order if:
(A)The person restrained by the order shows that:
(i)The court that issued the order lacked jurisdiction over the subject matter or lacked personal jurisdiction over the person restrained by the order; or
(ii)The person restrained by the order was not given reasonable notice and an opportunity to be heard under the law of the jurisdiction in which the order was issued; or
(B)The foreign restraining order was issued against a person who had petitioned for a restraining order unless:
(i)The person protected by the foreign restraining order filed a separate petition seeking the restraining order; and
(ii)The court issuing the foreign restraining order made specific findings that the person was entitled to the order.
(3)(a) A person protected by a foreign restraining order may present a true copy of the order to a county sheriff for entry into the Law Enforcement Data System maintained by the Department of State Police. Subject to paragraph (b) of this subsection, the county sheriff shall enter the order into the Law Enforcement Data System if the person certifies that the order is the most recent order in effect between the parties and provides proof of service or other written certification that the person restrained by the order has been personally served with a copy of the order or has actual notice of the order. Entry into the Law Enforcement Data System constitutes notice to all law enforcement agencies of the existence of the restraining order. Law enforcement agencies shall establish procedures adequate to ensure that an officer at the scene of an alleged violation of the order may be informed of the existence and terms of the order. The order is fully enforceable as an Oregon order in any county or tribal land in this state.
(b)The Department of State Police shall specify information that is required for a foreign restraining order to be entered into the Law Enforcement Data System.
(c)At the time a county sheriff enters an order into the Law Enforcement Data System under paragraph (a) of this subsection, the sheriff shall also enter the order into the databases of the National Crime Information Center of the United States Department of Justice.
(4)Pending a contempt hearing for alleged violation of a foreign restraining order, a person arrested and taken into custody pursuant to ORS 133.310 (Authority of peace officer to arrest without warrant) may be released as provided in ORS 135.230 (Definitions for ORS 135.230 to 135.290) to 135.290 (Punishment by contempt of court). Unless the order provides otherwise, the security amount for release is $5,000.
(5)ORS 24.115 (Filing of foreign judgment), 24.125 (Notice of filing of judgment), 24.129 (Certification of filing in single court), 24.135 (Grounds for staying enforcement of judgment), 24.140 (Interest and costs), 24.150 (Satisfaction of judgment) and 24.155 (Optional procedure) do not apply to a foreign restraining order.
(6)A person protected by a foreign restraining order may file a certified copy of the order and proof of service in the office of the clerk of any circuit court of any county of this state. A judgment so filed has the same effect and is subject to the same procedures, defenses and proceedings for reopening, vacating or staying as a judgment of the circuit court in which the foreign judgment is filed, and may be enforced or satisfied in like manner. The court may not collect a filing fee for a filing under this section. [1999 c.250 §1; 2003 c.737 §§74,75; 2011 c.595 §117]
Notes of Decisions
Foreign dissolution decree need not be registered in order for court to have jurisdiction to modify decree. Walker v. Walker, 26 Or App 701, 554 P2d 591 (1976), Sup Ct review denied
Law Review Citations
57 OLR 377 (1978)