Resident and Nonresident Estates and Trusts
(1)For the purposes of the taxes imposed upon the income of estates and trusts and paid by the fiduciary thereof, estates and trusts are classified as either resident or nonresident.
(2)An estate is a resident if the fiduciary was appointed by an Oregon court or, where there is no appointment by an Oregon court, if the administration is carried on in Oregon. An estate of a decedent is but one taxable entity although there may be two or more fiduciaries appointed by courts of two or more states or countries. In such a case, the fiduciary appointed by the Oregon court (or administering the estate in Oregon) is required to file an Oregon state income tax return and is liable for any Oregon state income tax of the estate. The Oregon state income tax is determined by the status of the principal administration as to its resident or nonresident character, and shall be computed on an Oregon return required to be filed by the fiduciary of the principal administration. If the principal administration, considered without regard to other administrations, is an Oregon resident estate, all income of the estate, including that of nonresident fiduciaries, is taxable as that of an Oregon resident. If the principal administration, considered without regard to other administrations, is a nonresident of Oregon, the Oregon state income tax liability is to be computed as that of a nonresident.
(3)A trust is a resident if the fiduciary is a resident of Oregon or if it is administered in Oregon.
(4)A trust is a nonresident only if there is no Oregon resident trustee and the administration is not carried on in Oregon. See ORS 316.307 (Income of nonresident estate or trust) and the rules thereunder regarding treatment of nonresident trusts.
(5)If the trustee is a corporate fiduciary engaged in interstate trust administration, the trust is considered to be a resident of Oregon and the place of administration for that trust is considered to be Oregon if the trustee conducts the major part of its administration of the trust in Oregon. In this context, “administration” relates to fiduciary decision making of the trust and not to the incidental execution of such decisions. Incidental functions include, but are not limited to, preparing tax returns, executing investment trades as directed by account officers and portfolio managers, preparing and mailing trust accountings, and issuing disbursements from trust accounts as directed by account officers.
(6)The tax liability of a resident estate or trust is computed generally by utilizing the same principles as those governing individuals, except that in lieu of the modifications allowed to individuals by ORS 316.680 (Modification of taxable income) and 316.697 (Fiduciary adjustment) the estate or trust may be allowed a “fiduciary adjustment” as set forth in 316.287 (“Fiduciary adjustment” defined).
(7)For the purpose of determining whether income of an estate or trust which is deductible as a distribution deduction on its return is taxable on the Oregon return of a beneficiary, it is immaterial whether the estate or trust is a resident or nonresident. The income deductible as a distribution deduction on the return of an estate or trust is included in the net income of the beneficiary and is taxed in the same manner as if it had been received directly by the beneficiary without the intervention of the estate or trust. Its character is determined by the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code and not necessarily by the character or source of the money or property distributed.
(8)The amount of income to be reported by a beneficiary, including the allocation in case there is more than one beneficiary, is determined by:
(a)Residency status of the beneficiary;
(b)Allocation of the “fiduciary adjustment” as provided in ORS 3l6.287;
(c)Various provisions of local law; and
(d)The provisions of Subchapter J of Subtitle A of the Internal Revenue Code.
(9)For rules on accumulated income distributions from a trust to a resident or nonresident beneficiary, see OAR 150-316-0575 (Amount Specially Taxed Under Federal Law to Be Included in Computation of State Taxable Income: Accumulation Distributions) and 150-316-0415 (Accumulation Distribution Credit for Oregon Taxes Paid by Trust During Income Accumulation Years).
Rule 150-316-0400 — Resident and Nonresident Estates and Trusts,