(1)The program administrator shall ensure that all individuals are offered medical attention when needed. The provider shall arrange for health services with the informed consent of the individual or the individual’s representative. The program shall arrange for physicians to be available in the event the individual’s regular physician is unavailable. The provider shall identify a hospital emergency room that may be used in case of emergency.
(2)The provider shall ensure that each individual admitted to the program shall be screened by an LMP or other qualified health care professional to identify health problems and to screen for communicable disease. The provider shall maintain documentation of the initial health screening in the individual service record:
(a)The health screening shall include a brief history of health conditions, current physical condition, and a written record of current or recommended medications, treatments, dietary specifications, and aids to physical functioning;
(b)For regular admissions, the health screening shall be obtained prior to the individual’s admission and include the results of testing for tuberculosis;
(c)For emergency admissions including crisis-respite admissions, the health screening shall be obtained as follows:
(A)For individuals experiencing psychiatric or medical distress, a health screening shall be completed by an LMP prior to the individual’s admission or within 24 hours of the emergency placement. The health screening shall confirm that the individual does not have health conditions requiring continuous nursing care, a hospital level of care, or immediate medical assistance. For each crisis-respite individual who continues in the program for more than seven consecutive days, a complete health examination shall be arranged if any symptoms of a health concern exist;
(B)For other individuals who are admitted on an urgent basis due to a lack of alternative supportive housing, the health screening shall be obtained within 72 hours after the individual’s admission;
(C)The health screening criteria may be waived for individuals admitted for crisis-respite services who are under the active care of an LMP if it is the opinion of the attending health care professional that the crisis-respite placement presents no health risk to the individual or other individuals in the program. Such a waiver shall be provided in writing and be signed and dated by the attending health care professional within 24 hours of the individual’s admission.
(3)Except for crisis-respite individuals, the program shall ensure that each individual has a primary physician who is responsible for monitoring their health care. Regular health examinations shall be done in accordance with the recommendations of this primary health care professional but not less than once every three years. Newly admitted individuals shall have a health examination completed within one year prior to admission or within three months after admission. Documentation of findings from each examination shall be placed in the individual’s service record.
(4)A written order signed by a physician is required for any medical treatment, special diet for health reasons, aid to physical functioning, or limitation of activity.
(5)A written order signed by a physician is required for all medications administered or supervised by program staff. This written order is required before any medication is provided to an individual. Medications may not be used for the convenience of staff or as a substitute for programming. Medications may not be withheld or used as reinforcement or punishment or in quantities that are excessive in relation to the amount needed to attain the client’s best possible functioning:
(a)Medications shall be self-administered by the individual if the individual demonstrates the ability to self-administer medications in a safe and reliable manner. In the case of self-administration, both the written orders of the prescriber and the residential service plan shall document that medications shall be self-administered. The self-administration of medications may be supervised by program staff who may prompt the individual to administer the medication and observe the fact of administration and dosage taken. When supervision occurs, program staff shall enter information in the individual’s record consistent with section (5) (h) below;
(b)Program staff who assist with administration of medication shall be trained by a Licensed Medical Professional on the use and effects of commonly used medications;
(c)Medications prescribed for one individual may not be administered to or self-administered by another individual;
(d)The program may not maintain stock supplies of prescription medications. The facility may maintain a stock supply of non-prescription medications;
(e)The program shall develop and implement a policy and procedure that ensures all orders for prescription drugs are reviewed by an LMP, as specified by a physician, at least every six months. When this review identifies a contra-indication or other concern, the individual’s primary physician or LMP shall be immediately notified. Each individual receiving psychotropic medications shall be evaluated at least every three months by the LMP prescribing the medication, who shall note for the individual’s record the results of the evaluation and any changes in the type and dosage of medication, the condition for which it is prescribed, when and how the medication is to be administered, common side effects, including any signs of tardive dyskinesia, contraindications or possible allergic reactions, and what to do in case of a missed dose or other dosing error;
(f)The provider shall dispose of all unused, discontinued, outdated, or recalled medications and any medication containers with worn, illegible or missing labels. The provider shall dispose of medications in a safe method consistent with any applicable federal statutes and designed to prevent diversion of these substances to persons for whom they were not prescribed. The provider shall maintain a written record of all disposals specifying the date of disposal, a description of the medication, its dosage potency, amount disposed, the name of the individual for whom the medication was prescribed, the reason for disposal, the method of disposal, and the signature of the program staff disposing of the medication. For any medication classified as a controlled substance in schedules 1 through 5 of the Federal Controlled Substance Act, the disposal shall be witnessed by a second staff person who documents their observation by signing the disposal record;
(g)The provider shall properly and securely store all medications in a locked space for medications only in accordance with the instructions provided by the prescriber or pharmacy. Medications for all individuals shall be labeled. Medications requiring refrigeration shall be stored in an enclosed, locked container within the refrigerator. The provider shall ensure that individuals have access to a locked, secure storage space for their self-administered medications. The program shall note in its written policy and procedures which persons have access to this locked storage and under what conditions;
(h)For all individuals taking prescribed medication, the provider shall record in the medical record each type, date, time, and dose of medication provided. All effects, adverse reactions, and medication errors shall be documented in the individual’s service record. All errors, adverse reactions, or refusals of medication shall be reported to the prescribing LMP within 48 hours;
(i)P.R.N. medications and treatments shall only be administered in accordance with administrative rules of the Board of Nursing, chapter 851, division 47.
(6)Nursing tasks may be delegated by a registered nurse to direct care staff within the limitations of their classification and only in accordance with administrative rules of the Board of Nursing, chapter 851, division 47.
Rule 309-035-0215 — Health Services,