Juvenile Code: Delinquency
(1)(a) It is the policy of the State of Oregon to encourage and promote the payment of restitution and other obligations by youth offenders as well as by adult offenders. In any case within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to ORS 419C.005 (Jurisdiction) in which the youth offender caused another person any physical, emotional or psychological injury or any loss of or damage to property, the victim has the right to receive prompt restitution. The district attorney shall investigate and present to the court, prior to or at the time of adjudication, evidence of the nature and amount of the injury, loss or damage. If the court finds from the evidence presented that a victim suffered injury, loss or damage, in addition to any other sanction it may impose, the court shall:
(A)Include in the judgment a requirement that the youth offender pay the victim restitution in a specific amount that equals the full amount of the victim’s injury, loss or damage as determined by the court; or
(B)Include in the judgment a requirement that the youth offender pay the victim restitution, and that the specific amount of restitution will be established by a supplemental judgment based upon a determination made by the court within 90 days of entry of the judgment. In the supplemental judgment, the court shall establish a specific amount of restitution that equals the full amount of the victim’s injury, loss or damage as determined by the court. The court may extend the time within which the determination and supplemental judgment may be completed for good cause. The lien, priority of the lien and ability to enforce a specific amount of restitution established under this subparagraph by a supplemental judgment relates back to the date of the original judgment that is supplemented.
(b)After the district attorney makes a presentation described in paragraph (a) of this subsection, if the court is unable to find from the evidence presented that a victim suffered injury, loss or damage, the court shall make a finding on the record to that effect.
(c)No finding made by the court or failure of the court to make a finding under this subsection limits or impairs the rights of a person injured to sue and recover damages in a civil action under subsection (2) of this section.
(d)The court may order restitution, including but not limited to counseling and treatment expenses, for emotional or psychological injury under this section only:
(A)When the act that brought the youth offender within the jurisdiction of the court would constitute aggravated murder, murder or a sex crime if committed by an adult; and
(B)For an injury suffered by the victim or a member of the victim’s family who observed the act.
(e)If the youth offender will be present at a hearing under this subsection and the victim requests notice, the district attorney or juvenile department shall notify the victim of the hearing.
(2)Restitution for injury inflicted upon a person by the youth offender, for property taken, damaged or destroyed by the youth offender and for a reward offered by the victim or an organization authorized by the victim and paid for information leading to the apprehension of the youth offender, shall be required as a condition of probation. Restitution does not limit or impair the right of a victim to sue in a civil action for damages suffered, nor shall the fact of consultation by the victim be admissible in such civil action to prove consent or agreement by the victim. However, the court shall credit any restitution paid by the youth offender to a victim against any judgment in favor of the victim in such civil action. Before setting the amount of such restitution, the court shall notify the person upon whom the injury was inflicted or the owner of the property taken, damaged or destroyed and give such person an opportunity to be heard on the issue of restitution.
(3)(a) If a judgment or supplemental judgment described in subsection (1) of this section includes restitution, a court may delay the enforcement of the monetary sanctions, including restitution, only if the youth offender alleges and establishes to the satisfaction of the court the youth offender’s inability to pay the judgment in full at the time the judgment is entered. If the court finds that the youth offender is unable to pay, the court may establish or allow an appropriate supervising authority to establish a payment schedule. The supervising authority shall be authorized to modify any payment schedule established under this section. In establishing a payment schedule, the court or the supervising authority shall take into consideration:
(A)The availability to the youth offender of paid employment during such time as the youth offender may be committed to a youth correction facility;
(B)The financial resources of the youth offender and the burden that payment of restitution will impose, with due regard to the other obligations of the youth offender;
(C)The present and future ability of the youth offender to pay restitution on an installment basis or on other conditions to be fixed by the court; and
(D)The rehabilitative effect on the youth offender of the payment of restitution and the method of payment.
(b)As used in this subsection, “supervising authority” means any state or local agency that is authorized to supervise the youth offender.
(4)Notwithstanding ORS 419C.501 (Duration of disposition) and 419C.504 (Duration of probation), when the court has ordered a youth offender to pay restitution, as provided in this section, the judgment shall be entered in the register or docket of the court in the manner provided by ORS chapter 18 and enforced in the manner provided by ORS 18.252 (Execution) to 18.993 (Effect of ORS 18.860 to 18.993 on court’s ability to direct seizure). The judgment is in favor of the state and may be enforced only by the state. Notwithstanding ORS 419A.255 (Maintenance), a judgment for restitution entered under this subsection is a public record. Judgments entered under this subsection are subject to ORS 18.048 (Judgment in criminal action that contains money award).
(5)A person required to pay restitution under subsection (1) of this section may file a motion supported by an affidavit for satisfaction of the judgment or supplemental judgment requiring payment of restitution in the circuit court of the county in which the original judgment was entered if:
(a)At least 50 percent of the monetary obligation is satisfied or at least 10 years have passed since the original judgment was entered;
(b)The person has substantially complied with all established payment plans;
(c)The person has not been found to be within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court under ORS 419C.005 (Jurisdiction) or convicted of an offense since the date the original judgment of restitution was entered; and
(d)The person has satisfactorily completed any required period of probation or parole for the act for which the judgment of restitution was entered.
(6)When a person files a motion described in subsection (5) of this section, the district attorney for the county in which the motion was filed shall promptly notify the victim for whose benefit the judgment of restitution was entered that the person has filed the motion and that the victim may object in writing to the motion through the district attorney.
(7)If the victim does not object to the motion as provided in subsection (6) of this section, the court shall hold a hearing on the motion and may enter an order granting a full or partial satisfaction if the allegations in the affidavit supporting the motion are true and failure to grant the motion would result in an injustice. In determining whether an injustice would result, the court shall take into account:
(a)The financial resources of the defendant and the burden that continued payment of restitution will impose, with due regard to the other obligations of the defendant;
(b)The ability of the defendant to continue paying restitution on an installment basis or under other conditions to be fixed by the court; and
(c)The rehabilitative effect on the defendant of the continued payment of restitution and the method of payment.
(8)A person may file a motion under subsection (5) of this section no more than one time per year for each judgment of restitution entered against the person. [1993 c.33 §230; 1993 c.405 §1; 1995 c.422 §83; 1997 c.313 §32; 1997 c.727 §11; 2001 c.202 §1; 2003 c.576 §214; 2003 c.670 §4; 2007 c.425 §2; 2007 c.609 §22]
Notes of Decisions
Under Former Similar Statute
Where child's conduct would constitute criminal activity if committed by adult and conduct caused loss to victim, it was not necessary that specific loss to victim be alleged in petition or be adjudicated by court before trial court could order child to pay restitution. State ex rel Juv. Dept. v. Dickerson, 100 Or App 95, 784 P2d 1121 (1990); State ex rel Juv. Dept. v. Z.D.B., 238 Or App 377, 242 P3d 714 (2010)
"Victim" includes insurance carriers and Criminal Injuries Compensation Account. State v. E.V., 240 Or App 298, 246 P3d 78 (2010), Sup Ct review denied
Right to trial by jury under Article I, section 17, Oregon Constitution does not apply to this section, which serves compensatory purpose and provides enforceable right to restitution, but does not create private right of action for damages against juvenile defendant. State v. N.R.L, 354 Or 222, 311 P3d 510 (2013)
Law Review Citations
Under Former Similar Statutes
56 OLR 428 (1977); 16 WLR 417 (1979)