Health Care Facilities

ORS 441.155
Written staffing plan for nursing services


Each hospital shall implement the written hospital-wide staffing plan for nursing services that has been developed and approved by the hospital nurse staffing committee under ORS 441.154 (Hospital nurse staffing committee).


The staffing plan:


Must be based on the specialized qualifications and competencies of the nursing staff and provide for the skill mix and level of competency necessary to ensure that the hospital is staffed to meet the health care needs of patients;


Must be based on a measurement of hospital unit activity that quantifies the rate of admissions, discharges and transfers for each hospital unit and the time required for a direct care registered nurse belonging to a hospital unit to complete admissions, discharges and transfers for that hospital unit;


Must be based on total diagnoses for each hospital unit and the nursing staff required to manage that set of diagnoses;


Must be consistent with nationally recognized evidence-based standards and guidelines established by professional nursing specialty organizations;


Must recognize differences in patient acuity;


Must establish minimum numbers of nursing staff, including licensed practical nurses and certified nursing assistants, required on specified shifts, provided that at least one registered nurse and one other nursing staff member is on duty in a unit when a patient is present;


Must include a formal process for evaluating and initiating limitations on admission or diversion of patients to another hospital when, in the judgment of a direct care registered nurse or a nurse manager, there is an inability to meet patient care needs or a risk of harm to patients;


Must consider tasks not related to providing direct care, including meal breaks and rest breaks; and


May not base nursing staff requirements solely on external benchmarking data.


A hospital must maintain and post a list of on-call nursing staff or staffing agencies to provide replacement nursing staff in the event of a vacancy. The list of on-call nursing staff or staffing agencies must be sufficient to provide for replacement nursing staff.


(a) An employer may not impose upon unionized nursing staff any changes in wages, hours or other terms and conditions of employment pursuant to a staffing plan unless the employer first provides notice to and, upon request, bargains with the union as the exclusive collective bargaining representative of the nursing staff in the bargaining unit.


A staffing plan does not create, preempt or modify a collective bargaining agreement or require a union or employer to bargain over the staffing plan while a collective bargaining agreement is in effect. [Formerly 441.162]
Note: See note under 441.152 (Nurse Staffing Advisory Board).
Chapter 441

Atty. Gen. Opinions

Licensing and phantom beds, (1970) Vol 40, p 171; a hospital's employing a licensed physical therapist as unauthorized practice, (1975) Vol 37, p 963


Last accessed
Jun. 26, 2021