“Above the rack” means sales of transportation fuel at pipeline origin points, pipeline batches in transit, barge loads in transit, and at terminal tanks before the transportation fuel has been loaded into trucks.
“Advance Credits” refers to credits advanced under OAR 340-253-1100 (Advance Crediting) for actions that will result in real reductions of the carbon intensity of Oregon’s transportation fuels.
“Aggregation indicator” means an identifier for reported transactions that are a result of an aggregation or summing of more than one transaction. An entry of “True” indicates that multiple transactions have been aggregated and are reported with a single transaction number. An entry of “False” indicates that the record reports a single fuel transaction.
“Aggregator designation form” means a DEQ-approved document that specifies that a credit generator has designated an aggregator to act on its behalf.
“Alternative Fuel Portal” or “AFP” means the portion of the Oregon Fuels Reporting System where fuel producers can register their production facilities and submit fuel pathway code applications and physical pathway demonstrations.
“Alternative Jet Fuel” means a fuel, made from petroleum or non-petroleum sources, which can be blended and used with conventional petroleum jet fuels without the need to modify aircraft engines and existing fuel distribution infrastructure. The fuel must have a lower carbon intensity than the applicable annual standard under Table 3 under OAR 340-253-8010 (Tables). This includes alternative jet fuel derived from co-processed feedstocks at a conventional petroleum refinery.
“Application” means the type of vehicle where the fuel is consumed, shown as either LDV/MDV or HDV.
“B5” means diesel fuel containing 5 percent biodiesel.
“Battery electric vehicle” or “BEV” means any vehicle that operates solely by use of a battery or battery pack, or that is powered primarily through the use of an electric battery or battery pack but uses a flywheel or capacitor that stores energy produced by the electric motor or through regenerative braking to assist in vehicle operation.
“Base Credits” refers to electricity credits that are generated by the carbon reduction between the gasoline or diesel standard and the carbon intensity of grid or utility electricity.
“Below the rack” means sales of clear or blended gasoline or diesel fuel where the fuel is being sold as a finished fuel for use in a motor vehicle.
“Bill of lading” means a document issued that lists goods being shipped and specifies the terms of their transport.
“Bio-based” means a fuel produced from non-petroleum, biogenic renewable resources.
“Biodiesel” means a motor vehicle fuel consisting of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils, animal fats, or other nonpetroleum resources, not including palm oil, designated as B100 and complying with ASTM D6751.
“Biodiesel Blend” means a fuel comprised of a blend of biodiesel with petroleum-based diesel fuel, designated BXX. In the abbreviation BXX, the XX represents the volume percentage of biodiesel fuel in the blend.
“Biogas” means gas, consisting primarily of methane and carbon dioxide, produced by the anaerobic decomposition of organic matter. Biogas cannot be directly injected into natural gas pipelines or combusted in most natural gas-fueled vehicles unless first upgraded to biomethane.
“Biomethane” or “Renewable Natural Gas” means refined biogas, or another synthetic stream of methane from renewable resources, that has been upgraded to a near-pure methane content product. Biomethane can be directly injected into natural gas pipelines or combusted in natural gas-fueled vehicles.
“Blendstock” means a fuel component that is either used alone or is blended with one or more other components to produce a finished fuel used in a motor vehicle. A blendstock that is used directly as a transportation fuel in a vehicle is considered a finished fuel.
“Bulk system” means a fuel distribution system consisting of refineries, pipelines, vessels and terminals. Fuel storage and blending facilities that are not fed by pipeline or vessel are considered outside the bulk transfer system.
“Business partner” refers to the second party that participates in a specific transaction involving the regulated party. This can either be the buyer or seller of fuel, whichever applies to the specific transaction.
“Buy/Sell Board” means a section of the Oregon Fuels Reporting System where registered parties can post that they are interested in buying or selling credits.
“Carbon intensity” or “CI” means the amount of lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions per unit of energy of fuel expressed in grams of carbon dioxide equivalent per megajoule (gCO2e/MJ).
“Carryback credit” means a credit that was generated during or before the prior compliance period that a regulated party acquires between January 1st and April 30th of the current compliance period to meet its compliance obligation for the prior compliance period.
“Clean fuel” means a transportation fuel whose carbon intensity is lower than the applicable clean fuel standard which is either:
“Clean fuel standard” or “Low carbon fuel standard” means the annual average carbon intensity a regulated party must comply with, as listed in Table 1 under OAR 340-253-8010 (Tables) for gasoline and gasoline substitutes and in Table 2 under 340-253-8010 (Tables) for diesel fuel and diesel substitutes.
“Clear diesel” means a light middle or middle distillate grade diesel fuel derived from crude oil that has not been blended with a renewable fuel.
“Clear gasoline” means gasoline derived from crude oil that has not been blended with a renewable fuel.
“Compressed natural gas” or “CNG” means natural gas stored inside a pressure vessel at a pressure greater than the ambient atmospheric pressure outside of the vessel.
“Co-processing” means the processing and refining of renewable or alternative low-carbon feedstocks intermingled with crude oil and its derivatives at petroleum refineries.
“Credit” means a unit of measure generated when a fuel with a carbon intensity that is less than the applicable clean fuel standard is produced, imported, or dispensed for use in Oregon, such that one credit is equal to one metric ton of carbon dioxide equivalent not emitted as a result of the use of the fuel as compared to a fuel that precisely met the clean fuel standard.
“Credit facilitator” means a person in the Oregon Fuels Reporting System that a regulated party designates to initiate and complete credit transfers on behalf of the regulated party.
“Deficit” means a unit of measure generated when a fuel with a carbon intensity that is more than the applicable clean fuel standard is produced, imported, or dispensed for use in Oregon, such that one deficit is equal to one metric ton of carbon dioxide equivalent that is emitted as a result of the use of the fuel as compared to a fuel that precisely met the clean fuel standard.
“Denatured Fuel Ethanol” or “Ethanol" means nominally anhydrous ethyl alcohol meeting ASTM D 4806 standards. It is intended to be blended with gasoline for use as a fuel in a spark-ignition internal combustion engine. Before it is blended with gasoline, the denatured fuel ethanol is first made unfit for drinking by the addition of substances approved by the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau.
“Diesel fuel” or “diesel” means either:
A light middle distillate or middle distillate fuel suitable for compression ignition engines blended with not more than 5 volume percent biodiesel and conforming to the specifications of ASTM D975 or;
A light middle distillate or middle distillate fuel blended with at least 5 and not more than 20 volume percent biodiesel suitable for compression ignition engines conforming to the specifications of ASTM D7467.
“Diesel substitute” means a liquid fuel, other than diesel fuel, suitable for use as a compression-ignition piston engine fuel.
“Duty-cycle testing” means a test procedure used for emissions and vehicle efficiency testing.
“E10” means gasoline containing 10 volume percent fuel ethanol.
“Energy economy ratio” or “EER” means the dimensionless value that represents:
The efficiency of a fuel as used in a powertrain as compared to a reference fuel; or
The efficiency of a fuel per passenger mile, for fixed guideway applications.
“Electric Transport Refrigeration Units (eTRUs)” means refrigeration systems powered by electricity designed to refrigerate or heat perishable products that are transported in various containers, including semi-trailers, truck vans, shipping containers, and rail cars.
“Electric Service Supplier” has the same definition as in OAR 860-038-005.
“Environmental Justice Community” means communities of color, communities experiencing lower incomes, tribal communities, rural communities, coastal communities, communities with limited infrastructure and other communities traditionally underrepresented in public processes and adversely harmed by environmental and health hazards, including but not limited to seniors, youth and persons with disabilities.
“Export” means to have ownership title to transportation fuel from locations within Oregon, at the time it is delivered to locations outside Oregon by any means of transport, other than in the fuel tank of a motor vehicle for the purpose of propelling the motor vehicle.
“Feedstock transfer document” means a document, or combination of documents, that demonstrates the delivery of specified source feedstocks from the point of origin to the fuel production facility as required under OAR 340-253-0400 (Carbon Intensities)(7).
“Finished fuel” means a transportation fuel that can legally be used directly in a motor vehicle without requiring additional chemical or physical processing.
“Fixed guideway” means a public transportation facility using and occupying a separate right-of-way for the exclusive use of public transportation using rail, using a fixed catenary system, using an aerial tramway, or for a bus rapid transit system.
“Fossil” means any naturally occurring flammable mixture of hydrocarbons found in geologic formations such as rock or strata. When used as an adjective preceding a type of fuel (e.g., “fossil gasoline,” or “fossil LNG”), it means the subset of that type of fuel that is derived from a fossil source.
“Fuel pathway” means a detailed description of all stages of fuel production and use for any particular transportation fuel, including feedstock generation or extraction, production, distribution, and combustion of the fuel by the consumer. The fuel pathway is used to calculate the carbon intensity of each transportation fuel.
“Fuel pathway code” or “FPC” means the identifier used in the Oregon Fuels Reporting System that applies to a specific fuel pathway as approved or issued under OAR 340-253-0400 (Carbon Intensities) through 0470.
“Fuel pathway holder” means the entity that has applied for and received a certified fuel pathway code from DEQ, or who has a certified fuel pathway code from the California Air Resources Board that has been approved for use in Oregon by DEQ.
“Fuel production facility” means the facility at which a regulated or opt-in fuel is produced. With respect to biomethane, a fuel production facility means the facility at which the fuel is upgraded, purified, or processed to meet the standards for injection to a natural gas common carrier pipeline or for use in natural gas vehicles.
“Fuel supply equipment” refers to equipment registered in the Oregon Fuels Reporting System that dispenses alternative fuel into vehicles, including but not limited to electric vehicle chargers, hydrogen fueling stations, and natural gas fueling equipment.
“Gasoline” means a fuel suitable for spark ignition engines and conforming to the specifications of ASTM D4814.
“Gasoline substitute” means a liquid fuel, other than gasoline, suitable for use as a spark-ignition engine fuel.
“Green-e” or “Green-e Program” means the certification program run by the Center for Resource Solutions.
“Heavy duty motor vehicle” or “HDV” means any motor vehicle rated at more than 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight.
“Illegitimate credits” means credits that were not generated in compliance with this division.
“Import” means to have ownership title to transportation fuel at the time it is brought into Oregon from outside the state by any means of transport other than in the fuel tank of a motor vehicle for the purpose of propelling that motor vehicle.
With respect to any liquid fuel, the person who imports the fuel; or
With respect to any biomethane, the person who owns the biomethane when it is either physically transported into Oregon or injected into a pipeline located outside of Oregon and delivered for use in Oregon.
“Incremental credit” means a credit that is generated by an action to further lower the carbon intensity of electricity. Incremental credits are calculated from the difference between the carbon intensity of grid electricity and the carbon intensity of renewable electricity.
“Indirect land use change” means the average lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions caused by an increase in land area used to grow crops that is caused by increased use of crop-based transportation fuels, and expressed as grams of carbon dioxide equivalent per megajoule of energy provided (gCO2e/MJ). Indirect land use change values are listed in Table 10 under OAR 340-253-8010 (Tables).
Indirect land use change for fuel made from corn feedstocks is calculated using the protocol developed by the Argonne National Laboratory.
Indirect land use change for fuel made from sugarcane, sorghum, soybean, canola and palm feedstocks is calculated using the protocol developed by the California Air Resources Board.
“Invoice” means the receipt or other record of a sale transaction, specifying the price and terms of sale, that describes an itemized list of goods shipped.
“Large importer of finished fuels” means any person who imports into Oregon more than 500,000 gallons of finished fuels in a given calendar year.
“Light-duty motor vehicle” or “LDV” means any motor vehicle rated at 8,500 pounds gross vehicle weight or less.
“Lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions” are:
The aggregated quantity of greenhouse gas emissions, including direct emissions and significant indirect emissions, such as significant emissions from changes in land use associated with the fuels;
Measured over the full fuel lifecycle, including all stages of fuel production, from feedstock generation or extraction, production, distribution, and combustion of the fuel by the consumer; and
Stated in terms of mass values for all greenhouse gases as adjusted to CO2e to account for the relative global warming potential of each gas.
“Liquefied compressed natural gas” or “L-CNG” means natural gas that has been liquefied and transported to a dispensing station where it was then re-gasified and compressed to a pressure greater than ambient pressure.
“Liquefied natural gas” or “LNG” means natural gas that has been liquefied.
“Liquefied petroleum gas” or “propane” or “LPG” means a petroleum product composed predominantly of any of the hydrocarbons, or mixture thereof; propane, propylene, butanes and butylenes maintained in the liquid state.
“Material information” means:
Information that would result in a change of the carbon intensity of a fuel, expressed in a gCO2e/MJ basis to two decimal places; or
“Medium duty vehicle” or “MDV” means any motor vehicle rated between 8,501 pounds and 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight.
“Motor vehicle” means any vehicle, vessel, watercraft, engine, machine, or mechanical contrivance that is self-propelled.
“Multi-family housing” means a structure or facility established primarily to provide housing that provides four or more living units, and where the individual parking spaces that an electric vehicle charger serves, and the charging equipment itself, are not deeded to or owned by a single resident.
“Natural gas” means a mixture of gaseous hydrocarbons and other compounds with at least 80 percent methane by volume.
“Oregon Fuels Reporting System” means the interactive, secured, web-based, electronic data tracking, reporting and compliance system that DEQ develops, manages and operates to support the Clean Fuels Program.
“OR-GREET” means the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy in Transportation (GREET) model developed by Argonne National Laboratory that DEQ modifies and maintains for use in the Oregon Clean Fuels Program. The most current version is OR-GREET 3.0. DEQ will make available a copy of OR-GREET 3.0 on its website (https://www.oregon.gov/deq/Pages/index.aspx). As used in this rule, OR-GREET refers to both the full model and the fuel-specific simplified calculators that the program has adopted.
“Physical Transport Mode” means the applicable combination of actual fuel delivery methods, such as truck routes, rail lines, pipelines and any other fuel distribution methods through which the regulated party reasonably expects the fuel to be transported under contract from the entity that generated or produced the fuel, to any intermediate entities and ending in Oregon.
“Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle” or “PHEV” means a hybrid vehicle with the capability to charge a battery from an off-vehicle electric energy source that cannot be connected or coupled to the vehicle in any manner while the vehicle is being driven.
“Position holder” means any person that has an ownership interest in a specific amount of fuel in the inventory of a terminal operator. This does not include inventory held outside of a terminal, retail establishments, or other fuel suppliers not holding inventory at a fuel terminal.
“Power Purchase Agreement” means a written agreement between an electricity service supplier and a customer that specifies the source or sources of electricity that will supply the customer.
With respect to any liquid fuel and renewable propane, the person who makes the fuel; or
With respect to any biomethane, the person who refines, treats or otherwise processes biogas into biomethane.
“Product transfer document” or “PTD” means a document, or combination of documents, that authenticates the transfer of ownership of fuel between parties and must include all information identified in OAR 340-253-0600 (Records)(2). A PTD may include bills of lading, invoices, contracts, meter tickets, rail inventory sheets or RFS product transfer documents.
“Public transportation” means regular, continuing shared passenger-transport services along set routes which are available for use by the general public.
“Public transit agency” means an entity that operates a public transportation system.
“Registered party” means a regulated party, credit generator, or aggregator that has a DEQ-approved registration under OAR 340-253-0500 (Registration) to participate in the Clean Fuels Program.
“Related entity” means any direct parent company, direct subsidiary, or a company with common ownership or control.
“Renewable hydrocarbon diesel” or “renewable diesel”, means a diesel fuel that is produced from non-petroleum renewable resources but is not a monoalkylester and which is registered as a motor vehicle fuel or fuel additive under Title 40, part 79 of the Code of Federal Regulations. This includes the renewable portion of a diesel fuel derived from co-processing biomass with a petroleum feedstock.
“Renewable hydrocarbon diesel blend” or “renewable diesel blend” means a fuel comprised of a blend of renewable hydrocarbon diesel with petroleum-based diesel fuel, designated RXX. In the abbreviation RXX, the XX represents the volume percentage of renewable hydrocarbon diesel fuel in the blend.
“Renewable gasoline” means a spark ignition engine fuel that substitutes for fossil gasoline and that is produced from renewable resources.
“Renewable propane” means liquefied petroleum gas (LPG or propane) that is produced from non-petroleum renewable resources.
“Renewable naphtha” means naphtha that is produced from non-petroleum renewable resources.
“Small importer of finished fuels” means any person who imports into Oregon 500,000 gallons or less of finished fuels in a given calendar year. Any fuel imported by persons that are related, or share common ownership or control, shall be aggregated together to determine whether a person meets this definition.
“Specified source feedstocks” are feedstocks for fuel pathways that require chain of custody evidence to be eligible for a reduced CI associated with the use of a waste, residue, by-product, or similar material under the pathway certification process under OAR 340-253-0400 (Carbon Intensities)(7).
“Substitute fuel pathway code” means a fuel pathway code that is used to report transactions that are sales or purchases without obligation, exports, loss of inventory, not for transportation use, and exempt fuel use when the seller of a fuel does not pass along the credits or deficits to the buyer and the buyer does not have accurate information on the carbon intensity of the fuel or its blendstocks.
“Tier 1 calculator”, “Simplified calculator” or “OR-GREET 3.0 Tier 1 calculator” means the tools used to calculate lifecycle emissions for commonly produced fuels, including the instruction manuals on how to use the calculators. DEQ will make available copies of these simplified calculators on its website (https://www.oregon.gov/deq/Pages/index.aspx). The simplified calculators used in the program are:
Tier 1 Simplified Calculator for Starch and Corn Fiber Ethanol;
Tier 1 Simplified CI Calculator for Sugarcane-derived Ethanol;
Tier 1 Simplified CI Calculator for Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel;
Tier 1 Simplified CI Calculator for LNG and L-CNG from North American Natural Gas;
Tier 1 Simplified CI Calculator for Biomethane from North American Landfills;
Tier 1 Simplified CI Calculator for Biomethane from Anaerobic Digestion of Wastewater Sludge;
Tier 1 Simplified CI Calculator for Biomethane from Food, Green and Other Organic Wastes; and
Tier 1 Simplified CI Calculator for Biomethane from AD of Dairy and Swine Manure.
“Tier 2 calculator” or “OR-GREET 3.0 model” means the tool used to calculate lifecycle emissions for next-generation fuels, including the instruction manual on how to use the calculator. Next-generation fuels include, but are not limited to, cellulosic alcohols, hydrogen, drop-in fuels, or first-generation fuels produced using innovative production processes. DEQ will make available a copy of the Tier 2 calculator on its website (https://www.oregon.gov/deq/Pages/index.aspx).
“Transaction date” means the title transfer date as shown on the PTD.
“Transaction quantity” means the amount of fuel reported in a transaction.
“Transaction type” means the nature of the fuel transaction as defined below:
“Produced in Oregon” means the transportation fuel was produced at a facility in Oregon;
“Import within the bulk system” means the transportation fuel was imported into Oregon and placed into the bulk system;
“Import outside the bulk system” means the transportation fuel was imported into Oregon and delivered outside the bulk system;
“Purchased with obligation” means the transportation fuel was purchased with the compliance obligation passing to the purchaser;
“Purchased without obligation” means the transportation fuel was purchased with the compliance obligation retained by the seller;
“Sold with obligation” means the transportation fuel was sold with the compliance obligation passing to the purchaser;
“Sold without obligation” means the transportation fuel was sold with the compliance obligation retained by the seller;
“Position holder sale” means the transportation fuel was sold below the rack without a transfer of the compliance obligation;
“Position holder sale for export” means the transportation fuel was sold below the rack to an entity who exported the fuel.
“Purchase below the rack for export” means the transportation fuel was purchased below the rack and exported.
“Export” means a transportation fuel that was reported under the Clean Fuels Program but was later moved from a location inside of Oregon to a location outside of Oregon;
“Loss of inventory” means the fuel exited the Oregon fuel pool due to volume loss, such as through evaporation or due to different temperatures or pressurization;
“Gain of inventory” means the fuel entered the Oregon fuel pool due to a volume gain, such as through different temperatures or pressurization;
“Not used for transportation” means a transportation fuel that was used in an application unrelated to the movement of goods or people, such as process heat at an industrial facility, home or commercial building heating, or electric power generation.;
“EV charging” means providing electricity to recharge EVs including BEVs and PHEVs;
“LPGV fueling” means the dispensing of liquefied petroleum gas at a fueling station designed for fueling liquefied petroleum gas vehicles;
“NGV fueling” means the dispensing of natural gas at a fueling station designed for fueling natural gas vehicles;
“Exempt fuel use - Aircraft”, "Exempt fuel use - Racing Activity Vehicles (ORS 801.404 (“Racing activity vehicle”))“, ”Exempt fuel use - Military tactical and support vehicle and equipment“, ”Exempt fuel use - Locomotives“, ”Exempt fuel use - Watercraft“, ”Exempt fuel use - Farm vehicles, tractors, implements of husbandry“, ”Exempt fuel use - Motor trucks primary used to transport logs“, ”Exempt fuel use - Off-highway construction vehicles which must meet OAR 340-253-0250 (Exemptions)(2)(a)(J)" means that the fuel was delivered or sold into the category of vehicles or fuel users that are exempt under OAR 340-253-0250 (Exemptions); or
“Production for Import into Oregon” means the out-of-state production of a fuel that will be imported into Oregon.
“Transportation fuel” means gasoline, diesel, any other flammable or combustible gas or liquid and electricity that can be used as a fuel for the operation of a motor vehicle. Transportation fuel does not mean unrefined petroleum products.
“Unit of fuel” means fuel quantities expressed to the largest whole unit of measure, with any remainder expressed in decimal fractions of the largest whole unit.
“Unit of measure” means either:
The International System of Units defined in NIST Special Publication 811 (2008) commonly called the metric system;
US Customer Units defined in terms of their metric conversion factors in NIST Special Publications 811 (2008); or
Commodity Specific Units defined in either:
The NIST Handbook 130 (2015), Method of Sale Regulation; or
“Unspecified source of electricity” or “unspecified source” means a source of electricity that is not a specified source at the time of entry into the transaction to procure the electricity. Such electricity will be assigned an emissions factor of 0.428 metric tons per megawatt-hour.
“Utility Renewable Electricity Product” means a product where a utility customer has elected to purchase renewable electricity through a product that retires RECs or represents a bundled purchase of renewable electricity and its RECs.[NOTE: Publications referenced are available from the agency.]