Lead poisoning is a significant health concern because lead is a potent neurotoxin that affects every system of the human body. It is harmful to individuals of all ages and is especially harmful to children, fetuses and women of childbearing age. Lead poisoning is one of the most common and preventable pediatric health problems in Oregon.
Common renovation activities such as sanding, cutting and demolition can create hazardous lead dust and chips by disturbing lead-based paint, which can be harmful to adults and children.
The federal government assists states in preventing lead poisoning and reducing lead hazards through:
(A) The Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention Act;
The Lead Contamination Control Act of 1988;
The Safe Drinking Water Act; and
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976.
Implementing regulations of:
The Department of Housing and Urban Development;
The Environmental Protection Agency;
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration; and
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction Act of 1992, which:
Requires that sellers and landlords of residential housing constructed before 1978 notify buyers and tenants of known lead-based paint hazards; and
Allows states to receive authorization from the Environmental Protection Agency to provide for the accreditation of lead-based paint activities and renovation training programs, the certification of persons completing training programs and the certification of lead-based paint activities and renovation contractors pursuant to standards developed by the agency. [Formerly 431.917]