OAR 461-160-0430
Income Deductions; SNAP

In the SNAP program:


Deductions from income are subtracted from countable (see OAR 461-001-0000 (Definitions for Chapter 461)) income (see OAR 461-140-0010 (Assets; Income and Resources)) in the following order to determine adjusted income (see OAR 461-001-0000 (Definitions for Chapter 461)) for the SNAP program:


An earned income deduction of 20 percent of countable earned income. The 20 percent deduction is not taken from the wages funded by grant diversions such as Work Supplementation wages.


A standard deduction of:


$167 per month for a benefit group (see OAR 461-110-0750 (Benefit Group)) of one, two, or three individuals.


$181 per month for a benefit group of four individuals.


$212 per month for a benefit group of five individuals.


$243 per month for a benefit group of six or more individuals.


A dependent care deduction for dependent care costs billed to a member of the filing group (see OAR 461-110-0370 (Filing Group; SNAP)) and not paid for through any other program of the Department. For the cost to be deductible under this section, the care must be necessary to enable a member of the filing group to--


Accept or continue employment;


Seek employment, including a job search that meets the requirements of a case plan (see OAR 461-001-0020 (Definitions; SNAP Employment and Training Components and Activities)); or


Attend vocational or educational training. A student receiving educational income is entitled to a deduction only for costs not excluded from educational income by OAR 461-145-0150 (Educational Income).


The medical deduction for elderly (see OAR 461-001-0015 (Definitions; SNAP)) individuals and individuals who have a disability (see OAR 461-001-0015 (Definitions; SNAP)) in the filing group. The deduction is calculated by determining the total of their deductible medical costs (see OAR 461-160-0415 (Medical Deduction; SNAP)) and subtracting $35. The Department uses the resulting amount to determine the allowable deduction as follows:


For an amount less than $0, no deduction is allowed.


For an amount greater than $0 but less than $170.01, a deduction of $170 is allowed.


For an amount greater than $170, a deduction of the amount determined under this subsection is allowed.


A deduction for child support payments (including cash medical support) a member of the filing group makes under a legal obligation to a child (see OAR 461-001-0000 (Definitions for Chapter 461)) not a member of the filing group, including payments for the current month and for payments on arrearages. Child support is not deductible if collected by setoff through the Oregon Department of Revenue or by interception of a federal tax refund.
(f) A shelter deduction, calculated as follows:


For SNAP filing group members required to pay room and board in a nonstandard living arrangement (see OAR 461-001-0000 (Definitions for Chapter 461)), the shelter deduction is:
The cost of room and board, minus the payment standard for the benefit group; or
The actual room cost, if the individual can prove that the room cost exceeds the cost described in subparagraph (i) of this paragraph.


For all other filing group members, the shelter deduction is calculated as follows:
The standard deduction and the deductions of earned income, dependent care, court-ordered child support, and medical expenses are subtracted from countable income. Fifty percent of the remainder is subtracted from the shelter cost calculated in accordance with OAR 461-160-0420 (Shelter Cost; SNAP).
The rounded balance is the deduction, except the deduction is limited if the filing group has no member who has a disability or is elderly. The limit is $586 per month.


If an individual cannot verify a medical or court-ordered child-support expense or cannot verify any other expense when asked to do so, the unverified expense is not used to calculate the deduction. If the individual provides verification, the deduction is applied when calculating the next month’s benefits. If verification is provided within the period authorized for processing applications (see OAR 461-115-0210 (Application Processing Time Frames; SNAP)), the benefits for the initial month (see OAR 461-001-0000 (Definitions for Chapter 461)) are recalculated using the deduction.

Source: Rule 461-160-0430 — Income Deductions; SNAP, https://secure.­sos.­state.­or.­us/oard/view.­action?ruleNumber=461-160-0430.

Use of Resources in Determining Financial Eligibility
Resource Limits
Overview of Costs
Dependent Care Costs
Medical Costs That Are Deductible
Use of Rounding in Calculating Benefit Amount
Benefits for Less Than a Full Month
Employment and Independence Expenses
How Income Affects Eligibility and Benefits
How Income and Resources are Used to Determine Eligibility and Benefit for EA
Earned Income Deduction
Determining Eligibility and Calculating Payment
Use of Income to Determine Eligibility and Benefits for ERDC
Use of Income to Determine Eligibility and Benefits
Use of Income and Income Deductions When There Are Ineligible or Disqualified Group Members
Medical Deduction
Shelter Cost
Income Deductions
Use of Income to Determine Benefits
Determining Income Eligibility
Income Deductions
Income Deductions
Income Deductions
Excluded Resource
Excluded Resource
Assessment of Resources
Availability of Income
Client Liability
Income Deductions and Client Liability
Deduction for Maintaining a Home
Determining Adjusted Income
Determining Participant Fee
Excluded Resources for Payments Received Under a Qualified Partnership Policy
Last Updated

Jun. 8, 2021

Rule 461-160-0430’s source at or​.us