ORS 316.078
Tax credit for dependent care expenses necessary for employment


(1)

A resident individual shall be allowed a credit against the tax otherwise due under this chapter in an amount equal to a percentage of employment-related expenses allowable pursuant to section 21 of the Internal Revenue Code, notwithstanding the limitation imposed by section 26 of the Internal Revenue Code. The percentage shall be determined on the basis of federal taxable income, as defined in section 63 of the Internal Revenue Code and as reflected on the federal return, whether or not a joint return, of the taxpayer for the taxable year, in accordance with the following table:
______________________________________________________________________________
If federal taxable
income is: The percentage is:
Not over $5,000 30%
Over $5,000 but not
over $10,000 15%
Over $10,000 but not
over $15,000 8%
Over $15,000 but not
over $25,000 6%
Over $25,000 but not
over $35,000 5%
Over $35,000 but not
over $45,000 4%
Over $45,000 0%
______________________________________________________________________________

(2)

A nonresident individual shall be allowed the credit computed in the same manner and subject to the same limitations as the credit allowed a resident by subsection (1) of this section. However, the credit shall be prorated using the proportion provided in ORS 316.117 (Proration between Oregon income and other income for nonresidents, part-year residents and trusts).

(3)

If a change in the taxable year of a taxpayer occurs as described in ORS 314.085 (Taxable year), or if the Department of Revenue terminates the taxpayer’s taxable year under ORS 314.440 (Tax as debt), the credit allowed by this section shall be prorated or computed in a manner consistent with ORS 314.085 (Taxable year).

(4)

If a change in the status of a taxpayer from resident to nonresident or from nonresident to resident occurs, the credit allowed by this section shall be determined in a manner consistent with ORS 316.117 (Proration between Oregon income and other income for nonresidents, part-year residents and trusts).

(5)

Any tax credit otherwise allowable under this section which is not used by the taxpayer in a particular year may be carried forward and offset against the taxpayer’s tax liability for the next succeeding tax year. Any credit remaining unused in such next succeeding tax year may be carried forward and used in the second succeeding tax year, and likewise any credit not used in that second succeeding tax year may be carried forward and used in the third succeeding tax year, and any credit not used in that third succeeding tax year may be carried forward and used in the fourth succeeding tax year, and any credit not used in that fourth succeeding tax year may be carried forward and used in the fifth succeeding tax year, but may not be carried forward for any tax year thereafter. [1975 c.672 §15a; 1977 c.872 §3; 1979 c.691 §4; 1983 c.684 §9; 1985 c.802 §4; 1987 c.293 §10; 1989 c.625 §7; 1989 c.1047 §11; 1991 c.457 §2; 1993 c.726 §28; 1997 c.839 §6; 1999 c.90 §8; 2001 c.660 §36]
Note: Section 44, chapter 913, Oregon Laws 2009, provides:
Sec. 44. Except as provided in ORS 316.078 (Tax credit for dependent care expenses necessary for employment) (5), a credit may not be claimed under ORS 316.078 (Tax credit for dependent care expenses necessary for employment) for tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2016. [2009 c.913 §44]

Atty. Gen. Opinions

Computation of tax credit for household and dependent care, (1976) Vol 38, p 294

Chapter 316

Notes of Decisions

Unless the divorce decree specifically designates that payments are for child support, payments will be treated as alimony. Henderson v. Dept. of Rev., 5 OTR 153 (1972)

The goal of this chapter is to incorporate all of the provisions of the federal Internal Revenue Code; taxable income should be adjusted whenever the result of the adjustment is to give effect to the policies or principles of the federal Internal Revenue Code, even though no express authority for the adjustment is present in the statutes. Christian v. Dept. of Rev., 269 Or 469, 526 P2d 538 (1974); Smith v. Dept. of Rev., 270 Or 456, 528 P2d 73 (1974)

By its enactment of this chapter, the legislature intended to adopt §172 of the federal Internal Revenue Code allowing for the carryback and carryforward of net operating losses. Christian v. Dept. of Rev., 269 Or 469, 526 P2d 538 (1974)

Where plaintiff failed to appeal timely as required by this section, appeal rights were not preserved so that cause could be considered on merits. Dela Rosa v. Dept. of Rev., 11 OTR 201 (1989), aff’d 313 Or 284, 832 P2d 1228 (1992)

Where taxpayers paid foreign income taxes on foreign income and claimed foreign taxes paid as federal tax credit and as state business expense deduction, taxpayers who claim federal foreign tax credit are entitled only to foreign tax deduction provided in ORS 316.690. Whipple v. Dept. of Rev., 309 Or 422, 788 P2d 994 (1990)

For purposes of claim preclusion, all issues regarding taxpayer’s income tax liability for tax year constitute same claim. U.S. Bancorp v. Dept. of Revenue, 15 OTR 13 (1999)

Atty. Gen. Opinions

Political contributions as credit against Oregon tax return, (1974) Vol 37, p 159

Law Review Citations

57 OLR 309 (1978); 16 WLR 373 (1979)


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May. 15, 2020