Uniform Trust Code
Allowance and disallowance of claims
(1)The trustee may compromise a claim against the trust estate.
(2)A claim presented to a trustee under ORS 130.350 (Statute of limitations) to 130.450 (Consolidation of proceedings) shall be considered allowed as presented unless within 60 days after the date of presentment of the claim the trustee mails or delivers a notice of disallowance of the claim in whole or in part to the claimant and to the attorney of the claimant if the claimant has an attorney.
(3)A notice of disallowance of a claim shall inform the claimant that the claim has been disallowed in whole or in part and, to the extent disallowed, will be barred unless the claimant requests a summary determination or brings an action in the manner provided by subsection (4) of this section.
(4)If a trustee disallows a claim submitted under ORS 130.350 (Statute of limitations) to 130.450 (Consolidation of proceedings) in whole or in part, the claimant, within 30 days after the date of mailing or delivery of the notice of disallowance, may:
(a)File a request for summary determination of the claim in the probate court, with proof of service of a copy of the request upon the trustee or the attorney of the trustee; or
(b)Commence a separate action against the trustee on the claim in the probate court.
(5)If the claimant fails either to request a summary determination or commence a separate action as provided in subsection (4) of this section, the claim is barred to the extent the claim has been disallowed by the trustee.
(6)If a claimant prevails in a proceeding or action under subsection (4) of this section, the claim shall be allowed or judgment entered in the full amount determined to be due to the claimant. The claim or judgment shall be paid from the assets of the trust estate only to the extent that funds are available after payment of other claims with higher priority under ORS 130.425 (Priority of claims).
(7)If the claimant files a request for summary determination of a claim under subsection (4) of this section, the trustee may notify the claimant in writing that the claimant must commence a separate action against the trustee on the claim within 60 days after the claimant receives the notice. Notice under this subsection must be given by the trustee within 30 days after the request for summary determination is served on the trustee or the attorney of the trustee. If the claimant fails to commence a separate action within the time allowed, the claim is barred to the extent the claim has been disallowed by the trustee.
(8)In a proceeding for summary determination under this section:
(a)The trustee shall make response to the claim as though the claim were a complaint filed in an action.
(b)The court shall hear the matter without a jury, after notice to the claimant and trustee. The court shall determine the claim in a summary manner, and shall make an order allowing or disallowing the claim in whole or in part.
(c)No appeal may be taken from the order of the court made in a proceeding for summary determination under this section.
(9)If a civil action is commenced under subsection (4) of this section, a trustee, or beneficiary, may petition the court to approve a proposed disposition of claims or to provide instructions on the treatment of claims.
(10)A claimant filing a request for summary determination of a claim under subsection (4) of this section must pay the filing fee required of a defendant or respondent under ORS 21.135 (Standard filing fee) and other fees applicable to civil actions in circuit court. [Formerly 128.280; 2009 c.275 §15; 2010 c.107 §§46,47; 2011 c.595 §133]
Law Review Citations
42 WLR 187 (2006)