General Provisions

ORS 161.327
Commitment or conditional release of person found guilty except for insanity of felony

  • appeal


(1)

After the defendant is found guilty except for insanity pursuant to ORS 161.319 (Form of verdict on guilty except for insanity), if the court finds by a preponderance of the evidence that a person found guilty except for insanity of a felony is affected by a qualifying mental disorder and presents a substantial danger to others, the court shall order as follows:

(a)

If the court finds that the person is not a proper subject for conditional release, the court shall order the person committed to a state hospital or, if the person is under 18 years of age, to a secure intensive community inpatient facility for custody, care and treatment. When the court orders a person committed under this paragraph, the court shall place the person under the jurisdiction of the Psychiatric Security Review Board.

(b)

If the court finds that the person can be adequately controlled with supervision and treatment if conditionally released and that necessary supervision and treatment are available, the court shall order the person conditionally released.

(2)

When a person is conditionally released under this section, the person is subject to those supervisory orders of the court as are in the best interests of justice, the protection of society and the welfare of the person. The court shall designate a person or state, county or local agency to supervise the person upon release, subject to those conditions as the court directs in the order for conditional release. Prior to the designation, the court shall notify the person or agency to whom conditional release is contemplated and provide the person or agency an opportunity to be heard before the court. After receiving an order entered under subsection (1)(b) of this section, the person or agency designated shall assume supervision of the person pursuant to the direction of the Psychiatric Security Review Board. The person or agency designated as supervisor shall be required to report in writing no less than once per month to the board concerning the supervised person’s compliance with the conditions of release.

(3)

In determining whether a person should be conditionally released, the court:

(a)

May order evaluations, examinations and compliance as provided in ORS 161.336 (Conditional release by board) (3) and 161.346 (Hearings on discharge, conditional release, commitment or modification) (2);

(b)

Shall order that the person be examined by a local mental health program designated by the board and a report of the examination be provided to the court if each felony for which the defendant was found guilty except for insanity is a Class C felony; and

(c)

Shall have as its primary concern the protection of society.

(4)

Upon placing a person on conditional release, the court shall notify the board in writing of the court’s conditional release order, the supervisor appointed and all other conditions of release, and the person shall be on conditional release pending hearing before the board. Upon compliance with this section, the court’s jurisdiction over the person is terminated.

(5)

The total period of commitment or conditional release under ORS 161.315 (Right of state to obtain mental examination of defendant) to 161.351 (Discharge by board) may not exceed the maximum sentence provided by statute for the crime for which the person was found guilty except for insanity.

(6)

An order of the court under this section is a final order appealable by the person found guilty except for insanity in accordance with ORS 19.205 (Appealable judgments and orders) (5). Notwithstanding ORS 19.255 (Time for service and filing of notice of appeal), notice of an appeal under this section shall be served and filed within 90 days after the order appealed from is entered in the register. The person shall be entitled on appeal to suitable counsel possessing skills and experience commensurate with the nature and complexity of the case. If the person is financially eligible, suitable counsel shall be appointed in the manner provided in ORS 138.500 (Appointment of counsel and furnishing of transcript for appellant without funds) (1), and the compensation for counsel and costs and expenses of the person necessary to the appeal shall be determined and paid as provided in ORS 138.500 (Appointment of counsel and furnishing of transcript for appellant without funds).

(7)

Following the order described in subsection (1) of this section, the court shall notify the person of the right to appeal and the right to a hearing before the board in accordance with ORS 161.336 (Conditional release by board) (5) and 161.341 (Application for discharge or conditional release) (3). [1979 c.867 §5; 1979 c.885 §2; 1981 c.711 §2; 1981 s.s. c.3 §129; 1983 c.800 §6; 1989 c.790 §48; 1995 c.208 §1; 2001 c.962 §89; 2003 c.576 §§578,579; 2005 c.685 §§1,1a; 2009 c.595 §102; 2011 c.708 §36; 2011 c.724 §3; 2013 c.1 §9; 2017 c.442 §12; 2017 c.634 §7; 2019 c.329 §3]

Notes of Decisions

Mere need for psychiatric treatment or assistance with personal needs cannot support criminal commitment where evidence of dangerousness is lacking. State v. Rath, 46 Or App 695, 613 P2d 60 (1980); State v. LeHuquet, 54 Or App 895, 636 P2d 467 (1981)

It was proper for trial court to apply ORS 161.725 to extend maximum period of commitment of defendant to jurisdiction of Psychiatric Security Review Board. State v. Carrol, 54 Or App 445, 635 P2d 17 (1981), Sup Ct review denied

Under former version of this section, where inter alia, two mental health professionals testified that there was reasonable possibility that defendant's condition could be activated to the point where he could be danger to himself, there was substantial evidence to support findings that defendant should remain under jurisdiction of Psychiatric Security Review Board. State v. Orans, 56 Or App 681, 642 P2d 1197 (1982)

PSRB is mandated to take jurisdiction for period that trial court determines would be maximum sentence that could have been received by defendant and has no authority to modify trial court's determination of maximum sentence. Anderson v. PSRB, 65 Or App 69, 670 P2d 185 (1983)

Once jurisdiction passes to PSRB under this section, trial court's jurisdiction terminates and it has no authority to place conditions on PSRB's supervision and release of defendant. State v. Pilip, 111 Or App 649, 826 P2d 125 (1992)

Instructing jury on consequences of guilty except for insanity verdict does not deprive defendant of federal constitutional right to fair trial. State v. Amini, 175 Or App 370, 28 P3d 1204 (2001), Sup Ct review denied

Where court errs in setting period of jurisdiction, Psychiatric Security Review Board lacks authority to extend period of jurisdiction to comply with statute. Romanov v. Psychiatric Security Review Board, 179 Or App 127, 38 P3d 965 (2002)

"Maximum sentence" provided by statute for crime means statutory indeterminate maximum sentence person could have received if found guilty. State v. Brooks, 187 Or App 388, 67 P3d 426 (2003), Sup Ct review denied

In fixing length of Psychiatric Security Review Board jurisdiction over defendant based on multiple offenses, court must determine whether defendant could have received consecutive sentences under standards prescribed in ORS 137.123. State v. Brooks, 187 Or App 388, 67 P3d 426 (2003), Sup Ct review denied

Law Review Citations

23 WLR 493, 495 (1987); 29 WLR 829 (1993)

§§ 161.325 to 161.351

Notes of Decisions

Under former version of these sections, Psychiatric Security Review Board could, at initial dispositional hearing, order only commitment to mental hospital or conditional release, so it had no authority to make independent redetermination of dangerousness of defendant or to order her discharged on basis of such redetermination. Adams v. Psychiatric Security Review Bd., 290 Or 273, 621 P2d 572 (1980)

Law Review Citations

18 WLR 23 (1982)

§§ 161.290 to 161.370

Law Review Citations

51 OLR 428 (1972); 52 OLR 285-295 (1973)

Chapter 161

Notes of Decisions

A juvenile court adjudication of whether or not a child committed acts which would be a criminal violation if committed by an adult must necessarily include an adjudication of all affirmative defenses that would be available to an adult being tried for the same criminal violation. State ex rel Juvenile Dept. v. L.J., 26 Or App 461, 552 P2d 1322 (1976)

Law Review Citations

2 EL 237 (1971); 51 OLR 427-637 (1972)

Chapter 161

Criminal Code

(Generally)

Notes of Decisions

Legislature's adoption of 1971 Criminal Code did not abolish doctrine of transferred intent. State v. Wesley, 254 Or App 697, 295 P3d 1147 (2013), Sup Ct review denied


Source

Last accessed
Jun. 26, 2021