Assignment of judgments for collection of monetary obligation
- costs of collection
(1)Judgments in criminal actions that impose monetary obligations, including judgments requiring the payment of fines, costs, assessments, compensatory fines, attorney fees, forfeitures or restitution, may be assigned by the state, by a municipal court or by a justice court for collection.
(2)Intentionally left blank —Ed.
(a)The state may assign a judgment to the Department of Revenue or a private collection agency.
(b)A justice court may assign a judgment to a private collection agency or, in a criminal action, to the Department of Revenue for the purposes described in ORS 156.315 (Assignment of judgment to Department of Revenue).
(c)A municipal court may assign a judgment to:
(A)A private collection agency; or
(B)The Department of Revenue for the purposes described in subsections (6) to (8) of this section, if the judgment was entered in a criminal action and part of the judgment is payable to the State of Oregon.
(d)Nothing in this subsection limits the right of a municipal court or a justice court to assign for collection judgments in matters other than criminal actions.
(3)A municipal or justice court may add to any judgment in a criminal action that includes a monetary obligation a fee for the cost of collection if the court gives the defendant a period of time to pay the obligation after the date of imposition of the sentence or after the date of the hearing or proceeding that results in the imposition of the financial obligation. The fee may not exceed 25 percent of the monetary obligation imposed by the court without the addition of the cost of collection and may not be more than $250. The fee shall be waived or suspended by the court if the defendant pays the monetary obligation in the manner required by the court.
(4)A state court shall add to any judgment in a criminal action that includes a monetary obligation the fees required by ORS 1.202 (Fee for establishing and administering account for judgment that includes monetary obligation).
(5)As used in subsections (1) to (5) of this section, “criminal action” has the meaning given that term in ORS 131.005 (General definitions).
(6)If part of a judgment in a criminal action, as described in subsections (1) to (5) of this section, is payable to the State of Oregon, a municipal court may assign the judgment to the Collections Unit in the Department of Revenue for the following purposes:
(a)To determine whether refunds or other sums are owed to the debtor by the department; and
(b)To deduct the amount of debt from any refunds or other sums owed to the debtor by the department.
(7)If the Collections Unit determines that refunds or other sums are owed to the debtor, the department shall deduct the amount of the debt from any refunds or other sums owed to the debtor by the department. After also deducting costs of its actions under subsections (6) to (8) of this section, the department shall remit the amount deducted from refunds or other sums owed to the debtor to the municipal court that assigned the judgment.
(8)A debtor whose account is assigned to the Department of Revenue for setoff under subsections (6) to (8) of this section is entitled to the notice required by ORS 293.250 (Collections Unit) (5)(d). [1993 c.531 §1; 1995 c.512 §2; 1997 c.801 §99; 1999 c.64 §1; 2001 c.823 §19; 2003 c.375 §1; subsections (6) to (8) of 2005 Edition enacted as 2005 c.501 §1; 2005 c.501 §2; 2015 c.766 §10; 2017 c.746 §22; 2019 c.359 §3]
Section 137.118 — Assignment of judgments for collection of monetary obligation; costs of collection,