Juvenile Code: General Provisions and Definitions
(1)“Adjudicated youth” means a person who has been found to be within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court under ORS 419C.005 (Jurisdiction) for an act committed when the person was under 18 years of age.
(2)“Age-appropriate or developmentally appropriate activities” means:
(a)Activities or items that are generally accepted as suitable for children of the same chronological age or level of maturity or that are determined to be developmentally appropriate for a child, based on the development of cognitive, emotional, physical and behavioral capacities that are typical for an age or age group; and
(b)In the case of a specific child, activities or items that are suitable for the child based on the developmental stages attained by the child with respect to the cognitive, emotional, physical and behavioral capacities of the child.
(3)“Another planned permanent living arrangement” means an out-of-home placement for a ward 16 years of age or older that is consistent with the case plan and in the best interests of the ward other than placement:
(b)With a legal guardian; or
(c)With a fit and willing relative.
(4)“CASA Volunteer Program” means a program that is approved or sanctioned by a juvenile court, has received accreditation from the National CASA Association and has entered into a contract with the statewide coordinating entity contracted with by the Oregon Department of Administrative Services under ORS 184.492 (Duties) to recruit, train and supervise diverse and culturally responsive volunteers to serve as court appointed special advocates.
(5)“Child care center” means a residential facility for wards or adjudicated youths that is licensed, certified or otherwise authorized as a child-caring agency as that term is defined in ORS 418.205 (Definitions for ORS 418).
(6)“Community service” has the meaning given that term in ORS 137.126 (Definitions for ORS 137).
(7)“Conflict of interest” means a person appointed to a local citizen review board who has a personal or pecuniary interest in a case being reviewed by that board.
(8)“Counselor” means a juvenile department counselor or a county juvenile probation officer.
(9)“Court” means the juvenile court.
(10)“Court appointed special advocate” means a person in a CASA Volunteer Program who is appointed by the court to act as a court appointed special advocate pursuant to ORS 419B.112 (Court appointed special advocate).
(11)“Court facility” has the meaning given that term in ORS 166.360 (Definitions for ORS 166).
(12)“Current caretaker” means a foster parent:
(a)Who is currently caring for a ward who is in the legal custody of the Department of Human Services and who has a permanency plan or concurrent permanent plan of adoption; and
(b)Who has cared for the ward, or at least one sibling of the ward, for at least 12 cumulative months or for one-half of the ward’s or sibling’s life where the ward or sibling is younger than two years of age, calculated cumulatively.
(13)“Department” means the Department of Human Services.
(14)“Detention” or “detention facility” means a facility established under ORS 419A.010 (Appointment of counselors and director) to 419A.020 (County responsibility for expenses of juvenile department) and 419A.050 (Authority to acquire, equip and maintain detention and shelter facilities) to 419A.063 (Requirements for detention facilities) for the detention of youths or adjudicated youths pursuant to a judicial commitment or order.
(15)“Director” means the director of a juvenile department established under ORS 419A.010 (Appointment of counselors and director) to 419A.020 (County responsibility for expenses of juvenile department) and 419A.050 (Authority to acquire, equip and maintain detention and shelter facilities) to 419A.063 (Requirements for detention facilities).
(16)“Guardian” means guardian of the person and not guardian of the estate.
(17)“Indian child” has the meaning given that term in ORS 419B.603 (Definitions).
(18)“Juvenile court” means the court having jurisdiction of juvenile matters in the several counties of this state.
(19)“Local citizen review board” means the board specified by ORS 419A.090 (Local citizen review boards) and 419A.092 (Membership).
(20)“Parent” means the biological or adoptive mother and the legal parent of the child, ward, youth or adjudicated youth. As used in this subsection, “legal parent” means:
(a)A person who has adopted the child, ward, youth or adjudicated youth or whose parentage has been established or declared under ORS 25.501 (Definitions for ORS 25) to 25.556 (Expeditious court hearings) or 109.065 (Establishing parentage) or by a juvenile court; and
(b)If the child is an Indian child, a man whose parentage has been established as described in ORS 419B.609 (Acknowledgment or establishment of parentage).
(21)“Permanent foster care” means an out-of-home placement in which there is a long-term contractual foster care agreement between the foster parents and the department that is approved by the juvenile court and in which the foster parents commit to raise a ward in substitute care or adjudicated youth until the age of majority.
(22)“Public building” has the meaning given that term in ORS 166.360 (Definitions for ORS 166).
(23)“Proctor foster home” has the meaning given that term in ORS 418.205 (Definitions for ORS 418).
(24)“Qualified residential treatment program” means a program described in ORS 418.323 (Qualified residential treatment program).
(25)“Reasonable and prudent parent standard” means the standard, characterized by careful and sensible parental decisions that maintain the health, safety and best interests of a child or ward while encouraging the emotional and developmental growth of the child or ward, that a substitute care provider shall use when determining whether to allow a child or ward in substitute care to participate in extracurricular, enrichment, cultural and social activities.
(26)“Reasonable time” means a period of time that is reasonable given a child or ward’s emotional and developmental needs and ability to form and maintain lasting attachments.
(27)“Records” means any information in written form, pictures, photographs, charts, graphs, recordings or documents pertaining to a case.
(28)“Resides” or “residence,” when used in reference to the residence of a child, ward, youth or adjudicated youth, means the place where the child, ward, youth or adjudicated youth is actually living or the jurisdiction in which wardship or jurisdiction has been established.
(29)“Restitution” has the meaning given that term in ORS 137.103 (Definitions for ORS 137).
(30)“Serious physical injury” means:
(a)A serious physical injury as defined in ORS 161.015 (General definitions); or
(b)A physical injury that:
(A)Has a permanent or protracted significant effect on a child’s daily activities;
(B)Results in substantial and recurring pain; or
(C)In the case of a child under 10 years of age, is a broken bone.
(31)“Shelter care” means a home or other facility suitable for the safekeeping of a child, ward, youth or adjudicated youth who is taken into temporary custody pending investigation and disposition.
(32)“Short-term detention facility” means a facility established under ORS 419A.050 (Authority to acquire, equip and maintain detention and shelter facilities) (3) for holding youths and adjudicated youths pending further placement.
(33)“Sibling” means one of two or more children or wards related:
(a)By blood or adoption through a common legal parent; or
(b)Through the marriage of the children’s or wards’ legal or biological parents.
(a)“Substitute care” means an out-of-home placement directly supervised by the department or other agency, including placement in a foster family home, group home, child-caring agency as defined in ORS 418.205 (Definitions for ORS 418) or other child caring institution or facility.
(b)“Substitute care” does not include care in:
(A)A detention facility, forestry camp or youth correction facility;
(B)A family home that the court has approved as a ward’s permanent placement, when a child-caring agency as defined in ORS 418.205 (Definitions for ORS 418) has been appointed guardian of the ward and when the ward’s care is entirely privately financed;
(C)In-home placement subject to conditions or limitations;
(D)A facility or other entity that houses or provides services only to adjudicated youths committed to the custody of the Oregon Youth Authority by the juvenile court; or
(E)An adjudicated youth foster home as that term is defined in ORS 420.888 (Definitions for ORS 420).
(35)“Surrogate” means a person appointed by the court to protect the right of the child, ward, youth or adjudicated youth to receive procedural safeguards with respect to the provision of free appropriate public education.
(36)“Tribal court” has the meaning given that term in ORS 419B.603 (Definitions).
(37)“Victim” means any person determined by the district attorney, the juvenile department or the court to have suffered direct financial, psychological or physical harm as a result of the act that has brought the youth or adjudicated youth before the juvenile court. When the victim is a minor, “victim” includes the legal guardian of the minor. The youth or adjudicated youth may not be considered the victim. When the victim of the crime cannot be determined, the people of Oregon, as represented by the district attorney, are considered the victims.
(38)“Violent felony” means any offense that, if committed by an adult, would constitute a felony and:
(a)Involves actual or threatened serious physical injury to a victim; or
(b)Is a sexual offense. As used in this paragraph, “sexual offense” has the meaning given the term “sex crime” in ORS 163A.005 (Definitions for ORS 163A).
(39)“Ward” means a person within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court under ORS 419B.100 (Jurisdiction).
(40)“Young person” means a person who has been found responsible except for insanity under ORS 419C.411 (Disposition order) and placed under the jurisdiction of the Psychiatric Security Review Board.
(41)“Youth” means a person under 18 years of age who is alleged to have committed an act that is a violation, or, if done by an adult would constitute a violation, of a law or ordinance of the United States or a state, county or city.
(42)“Youth care center” has the meaning given that term in ORS 420.855 (Definitions for ORS 420). [1993 c.33 §2; 1993 c.546 §2; 1995 c.422 §65; 1997 c.130 §11; 1997 c.696 §2; 1997 c.873 §4; 1999 c.59 §116; 1999 c.109 §3; 1999 c.577 §11; 1999 c.859 §6; 1999 c.1095 §17; 2001 c.485 §3; 2001 c.900 §122; 2001 c.904 §12; 2001 c.910 §2; 2003 c.396 §1; 2003 c.576 §446; 2005 c.160 §1; 2005 c.517 §2; 2005 c.843 §1; 2007 c.609 §§7,8; 2007 c.806 §§1,2; 2009 c.178 §31; 2012 c.97 §30; 2015 c.254 §1; 2015 c.795 §2; 2016 c.106 §46; 2017 c.351 §1; 2017 c.630 §8; 2017 c.651 §41; 2019 c.382 §1; 2019 c.619 §11; 2020 s.s.1 c.14 §26; 2020 s.s.1 c.19 §§17a,17b; 2021 c.459 §4; 2021 c.489 §1]
Notes of Decisions
Provision in definition of “Indian child” referring to persons covered by terms of Indian Child Welfare Act agreement does not allow agreement to encompass person other than “Indian child” as defined in Act. State ex rel State Office for Services to Children and Families v. Klamath Tribe, 170 Or App 106, 11 P3d 701 (2000)
Definition of “youth offender” as amended in 2001 applies only for offenses committed on or after effective date of amendment. State ex rel Juvenile Dept. v. Strothers, 195 Or App 372, 97 P3d 1276 (2004)