Is not a signatory to the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction;
Does not provide for the extradition to the United States of a parental abductor and minor child;
Has local laws or practices that would restrict the other parent of the minor child from freely traveling to or exiting from the country because of the race, religion, sex or sexual orientation of the other parent;
Has local laws or practices that would restrict the ability of the minor child from legally leaving the country after the child reaches the age of majority because of the race, religion, sex or sexual orientation of the child; or
Poses a significant risk that the physical health or safety of the minor child would be endangered in the country because of war, human rights violations or specific circumstances related to the needs of the child.
A court that finds by clear and convincing evidence a risk of international abduction of a minor child may issue a court order requiring a parent who is subject to a custody order and who plans to travel with a minor child to a foreign country to provide security, bond or other guarantee as described in subsection (4) of this section.
In determining whether a risk of international abduction of a minor child exists, a court shall consider the following factors involving a parent who is subject to a custody order:
The parent has taken or retained, attempted to take or retain or threatened to take or retain a minor child in violation of state law or a valid custody order and the parent is unable to present clear and convincing evidence that the parent believed in good faith that the conduct was necessary to avoid imminent harm to the parent or the child;
The parent has recently engaged in a pattern of activities that indicates the parent is planning to abduct the minor child from this country;
The parent has strong familial, emotional or cultural connections to this country or another country, regardless of citizenship or residency status; and
Any other relevant factors.
A security, bond or other guarantee required by a court under this section may include, but is not limited to, any of the following:
A bond or security deposit in an amount that is sufficient to offset the cost of recovering the minor child if the child is abducted;
Supervised parenting time; or
Passport and travel controls, including but not limited to controls that:
Prohibit the parent from removing the minor child from this state or this country;
Require the parent to surrender a passport or an international travel visa that is issued in the name of the minor child or jointly in the names of the parent and the child;
Prohibit the parent from applying for a new or replacement passport or international travel visa on behalf of the minor child; and
Require the parent to provide to a relevant embassy or consulate and to the Office of Children’s Issues in the United States Department of State the following documents:
Written notice of passport and travel controls required under this paragraph; and
A certified copy of a court order issued under this section.
After considering the factors under subsection (3) of this section and requiring a security, bond or other guarantee under this section, the court shall issue a written determination supported by findings of fact and conclusions of law.
Nothing in this section is intended to limit the inherent power of a court in matters relating to children. [2003 c.532 §1; 2005 c.22 §85; 2007 c.100 §17]Note: 109.035 (Security required before foreign travel with child) was enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but was not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 109 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.