Preliminary Provisions

ORS 131.045
Appearances by simultaneous electronic transmission


As used in this section:


“Criminal proceeding” has the meaning given that term in ORS 131.005 (General definitions).


“Parties” means the State of Oregon and the person being prosecuted.


“Simultaneous electronic transmission” means television, telephone or any other form of electronic communication transmission if the form of transmission allows:


The court and the person making the appearance to communicate with each other during the proceeding;


A defendant who is represented by counsel to consult privately with defense counsel during the proceeding;


The victim to participate in the proceeding to the same extent that the victim is entitled to participate when the person making the appearance is physically present in the court; and


The public to hear and, if the transmission includes a visual image, to see the appearance if the public has a right to hear and see the appearance when the person making the appearance is physically present in the court.


When a statute authorizes or requires a person to make a personal appearance before a court in a criminal proceeding, the person may appear by being physically present in the court or by simultaneous electronic transmission if:


Simultaneous electronic transmission is authorized by court rule under subsection (3) of this section;


Except as otherwise provided by law, the parties in the proceeding and the court agree to appearance by simultaneous electronic transmission; and


Appearance by simultaneous electronic transmission is not specifically prohibited by statute.


In order for a person to appear by simultaneous electronic transmission as provided in this section, court rules must provide for the use of the specific type of simultaneous electronic transmission at the court location and for the type of proceeding in which the person is appearing. Court rules allowing the use of simultaneous electronic transmission may establish requirements for its use.


Notwithstanding subsection (2)(b) of this section, a witness in a criminal proceeding may not appear before a jury by simultaneous electronic transmission without the written consent of the parties and the agreement of the court.


This section does not apply to a hearing under ORS 138.510 (Persons who may file petition for relief) to 138.680 (Short title). [2005 c.566 §4; 2009 c.219 §2]


Last accessed
May 26, 2023