Recording of custodial interviews of adults
(1)A custodial interview conducted by a peace officer in a law enforcement facility shall be electronically recorded if the interview is conducted in connection with an investigation into aggravated murder as defined in ORS 163.095 (“Aggravated murder” defined) or a crime listed in ORS 137.700 (Offenses requiring imposition of mandatory minimum sentences) or 137.707 (Mandatory minimum sentences for certain juvenile offenders waived to adult court).
(2)Subsection (1) of this section does not apply to:
(a)A statement made before a grand jury;
(b)A statement made on the record in open court;
(c)A custodial interview conducted in another state in compliance with the laws of that state;
(d)A custodial interview conducted by a federal law enforcement officer in compliance with the laws of the United States;
(e)A statement that was spontaneously volunteered and did not result from a custodial interview;
(f)A statement made during arrest processing in response to a routine question;
(g)A law enforcement agency that employs five or fewer peace officers;
(h)A custodial interview conducted in connection with an investigation carried out by a corrections officer, a youth corrections officer or a staff member of the Oregon State Hospital in the performance of the officer’s or staff member’s official duties of treatment, custody, control or supervision of individuals committed to or confined in a place of incarceration or detention; or
(i)A custodial interview for which the state demonstrates good cause for the failure to electronically record the interview.
(3)Intentionally left blank —Ed.
(a)If the state offers an unrecorded statement made under the circumstances described in subsection (1) of this section in a criminal proceeding alleging the commission of aggravated murder or a crime listed in ORS 137.700 (Offenses requiring imposition of mandatory minimum sentences) or 137.707 (Mandatory minimum sentences for certain juvenile offenders waived to adult court) and the state is unable to demonstrate, by a preponderance of the evidence, that an exception described in subsection (2) of this section applies, upon the request of the defendant, the court shall instruct the jury regarding the legal requirement described in subsection (1) of this section and the superior reliability of electronic recordings when compared with testimony about what was said and done.
(b)The court may not exclude the defendant’s statement or dismiss criminal charges as a result of a violation of this section.
(c)If each of the statements made by the defendant that the state offers into evidence is recorded, the court may not give a cautionary jury instruction regarding the content of the defendant’s statements.
(4)A law enforcement agency that creates an electronic recording of a custodial interview shall preserve the recording until the defendant’s conviction for the offense is final and all direct, post-conviction relief and habeas corpus appeals are exhausted, or until the prosecution of the offense is barred by law.
(5)The state shall provide an electronic copy of a defendant’s custodial interview to a defendant in accordance with ORS 135.805 (Applicability) to 135.873 (Protective orders). Providing an electronic copy of the custodial interview to the defendant constitutes compliance with ORS 135.815 (Disclosure to defendant) (1)(b), and the state is not required to provide the defendant with a transcript of the contents of the interview. Unless the court orders otherwise, the defendant’s attorney may not copy, disseminate or republish the electronic copy of the custodial interview, except to provide a copy to an agent of the defendant’s attorney for the limited purpose of case preparation.
(6)An electronic recording of a custodial interview, and any transcription of the recording, that is certified as containing a complete recording, or a complete transcription, of the entirety of the custodial interview, from the advisement of constitutional rights to the conclusion of the custodial interview, is admissible in any pretrial or post-trial hearing for the purpose of establishing the contents of a statement made in the recording and the identity of the person who made the statement, if the statement is otherwise admissible. A certification that complies with this subsection satisfies the requirements of ORS 40.505 (Rule 901. Requirement of authentication or identification) and 132.320 (Consideration of evidence) for the recording or transcription. This subsection does not prohibit a party from calling a witness to testify regarding the custodial interview.
(7)As used in this section:
(a)“Custodial interview” means an interview in which the person questioned is in custody and is required to be advised of the person’s constitutional rights.
(b)“Good cause” includes, but is not limited to, situations in which:
(A)The defendant refused, or expressed an unwillingness, to have the custodial interview electronically recorded;
(B)The failure to electronically record the custodial interview was the result of equipment failure and a replacement device was not immediately available;
(C)The person operating the recording equipment believed, in good faith, that the equipment was recording the custodial interview;
(D)Electronically recording the custodial interview would jeopardize the safety of any person or the identity of a confidential informant;
(E)Exigent circumstances prevented the recording of the custodial interview; or
(F)The peace officer conducting the custodial interview reasonably believed, at the time the custodial interview began, that the custodial interview was conducted in connection with a crime other than aggravated murder as defined in ORS 163.095 (“Aggravated murder” defined) or a crime listed in ORS 137.700 (Offenses requiring imposition of mandatory minimum sentences) or 137.707 (Mandatory minimum sentences for certain juvenile offenders waived to adult court).
(c)“Law enforcement facility” means a courthouse, building or premises that is a place of operation for a municipal police department, county sheriff’s office or other law enforcement agency at which persons may be detained in connection with a juvenile delinquency petition or criminal charge. [2009 c.488 §1; 2017 c.431 §1; 2019 c.216 §1]
Section 133.400 — Recording of custodial interviews of adults,